肖希明,石庆功.构建中国特色的公共图书馆治理制度体系[J].中国图书馆学报,2020,(5):4~21
Constructing the Institutional System of Public Library Governance with Chinese Characteristics
构建中国特色的公共图书馆治理制度体系
Received:June 16, 2020  
DOI:
Key words:Public library governance  Institutional system  Chinese characteristics
中文关键词:  公共图书馆治理  制度体系  中国特色
基金项目:本文系国家社会科学基金“加快构建中国特色哲学社会科学学科体系、学术体系、话语体系”研究专项项目“新时代中国特色图书情报学基本理论问题研究”(编号:19VXK09)的研究成果之一
Author NameAffiliation
Ximing 武汉大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430072 
SHI Qinggong 武汉大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430072 
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Abstract:
The governance of public library is an important part of national governance system The key to governance lies in the construction of a well-established governance system, which is the basis and guarantee for the modernization of public library governance capacity Guided by the major strategy of advancing the modernization of China's system and capacity for governance proposed by the Fourth Plenary Session of the 19th Central Committee of the CPC and based on the reality of China's national conditions, this paper discusses some theoretical and practical problems in the construction of the governance system of public library with Chinese characteristics
This paper summarizes the achievements and problems in the construction of public library governance system in China while reviewing the whole process Since the founding of The People's Republic of China, the construction of governance system of public library has gone through three stages:1949-1978, 1979 to the 18th CPC National Congress, and the 18th CPC National Congress up to now The government has constantly improved the governance system of public libraries concerning the themes of public library management, professional titles, evaluation and grading, planning and construction, and free access. Since the 18th National Congress of the Communist Party of China, it has been elevated to the national macro strategic level and achieved brilliant achievements However, problems in the construction of public library governance system in China still remain currently, such as the blind spot, fragmented system Salient problems of system construction lie in the lack of integrity, connection and self-consistency, and insufficient strength in system implementation
The article holds that the overall goal of the governance system of public library should be to straighten out various internal and external relations of public libraries and build a complete, stable and effective public library governance system Based on China's actual national conditions, the goal works under the legal framework of Constitution of the People's Republic of Chinaand Public Library Law of the People's Republic of China,with the maximum protection of the basic cultural rights and interests of citizens as the value orientation, and the practical improvement of the service efficiency of public libraries as the functional goal The “Chinese characteristics” of the governance system of the public library are embodied as follow:adhering to the CPC's overall leadership of the public librarianship, inheriting and carrying forward the excellent Chinese culture, adhering to the people-centered idea, focusing on improving service efficiency and coordinating and cooperating for co-governance
This paper proposes that the governance system of public library with Chinese characteristics consists of the fundamental system, the basic system and the specific system The fundamental system, which is at the macro-level, plays a guiding and decisive role in the construction of the system, embodies the value orientation and core concept of the system, represents the nature, purpose, policy and line of China's public library cause, and stipulates the important system and operation mechanism of the public library The basic system is located at the meso-level, which plays a supporting role in the construction of the system and guarantees the realization of the fundamental goal in the system The specific system is at the micro-level, and it is the foundation of the system construction to directly regulate and guide the implementation of the specific practice of public library governance Different levels of systems contain different system units Each system unit complements each other and forms a coordinated evolution and mutual adaptation system
In order to transform the governance system of public library into the governance efficiency and effectiveness,it is imperative that in the construction of public library system we stick to the principle of “problem-orientation”, strengthen the key-unit reform, and enhance the pertinence and effectiveness of system innovationThe coordination and systematicness between different hierarchical systems and system units should be promoted Moreover, it is of great necessity to strengthen the normative and executive power of the system, promoting the implementation of the governance system of public library in various ways 1 fig 1 tab 37 refs
中文摘要:
      公共图书馆治理是国家治理体系的一部分,公共图书馆治理的关键在于制度体系建设。新中国的公共图书馆治理制度建设经历了三个阶段:1949年10月至1978年改革开放前,改革开放至党的十八大,党的十八大以来。我国公共图书馆治理制度建设取得了重要成绩,但仍存在制度的覆盖面不够、碎片化、缺乏自洽性、执行乏力等问题。本文以党的十九届四中全会提出的“推动国家治理体系和治理能力现代化”为理论指导,探讨了我国公共图书馆治理制度体系建设的总体目标和基本特征,提出了一个由根本制度、基本制度和具体制度所构成的公共图书馆治理制度体系框架,并分析了这一制度体系的逻辑结构。要推动制度建设转化为治理效能,必须坚持“问题导向”,增强制度创新的针对性和有效性;提升不同等级制度体系、制度单元之间的协调性和系统性;强化制度体系的规范力和执行力。图1。表1。参考文献37。
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