张家榕,晏超,韩松涛,叶鹰.中国文科论文的层级结构及量化特征之学术分析[J].中国图书馆学报,2020,(4):85~98
An Academic Analysis on the Qualitative Hierarchy and Quantitative Features of Chinese Articles in Humanities and Social Sciences
中国文科论文的层级结构及量化特征之学术分析
Received:March 28, 2020  
DOI:
Key words:Humanities and social sciences  Hierarchical structure  Quantitative features  Three digests (“Xinhua Digest”, “Chinese Social Science Digest”, “China University Academic Abstracts”)  China Social Science Excellence(CSSE)  Chinese Social Sciences
中文关键词:  人文社会科学  层级结构  量化特征  三大文摘  人大复印报刊资料  CSSCI  CNKI
基金项目:
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
Rong JiaZHANG 南京大学信息管理学院 江苏 南京 210023  
YAN Chao 南京大学信息管理学院 江苏 南京 210023  
HAN Songtao 浙江大学图书馆副研究馆员。浙江 杭州 310027  
Fred Y. YE 南京大学信息管理学院 江苏 南京 210023 yye@nju.edu.cn,yye@nju.edu.cn 
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Abstract:
It is well known that there are differences between Chinese papers of humanities & social sciences and traditional papers of sciences & technologies,but they have never been clearly verified,so we try to probe into the structural quantitative features of them. Based on the data of China's humanities and social sciences (CHSS) publications from 2013 to 2018,by using statistical methods,we systematically describe a unique hierarchical structure of CHSS,in which the papers reprinted by three digests belong to the first level,and the papers replicated by the “China Social Science Excellence”(CSSE) are classified as the second level,and the papers indexed by “Chinese Social Science Citation Index” (CSSCI) fall into the third level,and all the papers of CHSS in CNKI belong to the fourth level. Then the features of the hierarchical structure are quantitatively analyzed. We find that the first level papers account for only 0 21%,of the total papers,and the second level papers account for 0 66%,while the third level papers account for 4 9%. We also find that the number of papers reprinted by various institutions fits to the power law and is highly unbalanced; papers indexed by CSSCI journals account for 70% of the high-level reprint;non-CSSCI journals also play a role in the structure; the top-level digests have distinct disciplines preferences for reprinted papers,and the proportion of papers from different disciplines at different schools varies. Meanwhile,the three top-level digests show a great potential in identifying the frontiers and hot spots in each discipline,and each digest has different considerations in terms of theory,practice,and readability. We expect that the results could provide a holistic framework for insight and evaluation of CHSS,so as to better unleash the display function of this hierarchical structure. 6 figs. 6 tabs. 27 refs.
中文摘要:
      中国文科论文与一般科技论文之间存在差异已是共识,而具体差异何在却并未明确,本文旨在探讨文科论文的结构性量化特征。以2013—2018年我国人文社科发表的论文为基础,采用统计方法,以《新华文摘》《中国社会科学文摘》《高等学校文科学术文摘》所转载的论文作为第一层级,《复印报刊资料》所转载的论文作为第二层级,《中文社会科学引文索引》(CSSCI)所索引的论文作为第三层级,CNKI入库所有人文社科论文作为第四层级,概括中国人文社科论文的层级结构;其中,第一层级论文仅占总入库量的0 21%,第二层级占0 66%,第三层级占4 9%,说明这种层级结构对于全部论文有着较高的凝练荟萃效用;进而分析这种层级结构对学术热点的关注特征,并探讨其在学科、机构、期刊评价中的潜在应用前景。研究发现:各机构被转载论文情况符合幂律,具有高度不平衡性;CSSCI收录的期刊论文占高层级转载论文的七成左右,非C刊在层级结构中也有一定贡献;高层级文摘类期刊转载论文学科偏好不尽相同,各校各学科被转载论文比例存在差异性;三大文科文摘能够很好地把握热点前沿,各文摘类在理论性、实践性和可读性方面也有不同特点。本文结果可望为洞悉和评价中国文科研究成果提供一个综合参照系,从而有效发挥中国文科论文独特层级结构的学术评价功能。图6。表6。参考文献27。
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