程焕文,刘佳亲.挑战与回应:中国高校图书馆的发展方向[J].中国图书馆学报,2020,46(4):39~59
Challenge and Response: The Trends of Academic Libraries in China
挑战与回应:中国高校图书馆的发展方向
Received:March 12, 2020  
DOI:
Key words:Academic library  Double First-Class  Library finance  Professional librarian  Professional reading
中文关键词:  高校图书馆  双一流  图书馆经费  专业馆员  专业阅读
基金项目:
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
CHENG Huanwen 中山大学资讯管理学院 广东 广州 510006 huanwen@mail.sysu.edu.cn,huanwen@mail.sysu.edu.cn 
LIU Jiaqin 中山大学资讯管理学院 广东 广州 510006  
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Abstract:
With the development of the society and economy of China,the higher education in China faces the great opportunities of the Chinese Dream,the Double First-Class University Initiative,and the New Era. Because of the innovative financial policy for the Double First-Class University Initiative,the funds of the first-class universities increase rapidly,and a group of Ten Billion Club universities comes out. With the rapid development of universities,however,academic library is facing the new challenges of the lack of funds,librarians and readers. In order to analyze the current problems of academic library,formulate solution and promote the construction of first class academic library,this article uses the methods of statistical survey and data analysis to research the problems of first class academic libraries in funds,librarians and student reading with all kinds of official public statistics. The findings of this article include that the proportion of first class academic library funds in the university funds is about 05% and has been declining,and there is a great gap compared with the proportion of 2% of the world first class academic libraries. Because of financial constraints and inflation,the purchasing power of information resources of academic libraries declines year by year and is difficult to catch up with that of the world first class academic libraries. The numbers of academic librarians and staff declines year by year as well;the proportion of academic librarians in university students is about 1∶300. Professional librarians are insufficient,and librarian's working time is too long and workload is too heavy. The borrowing rate of university library keeps declining,less than 40 books borrowed by undergraduates in 4 years. The amount of paper based reading of university students is insufficient,and the number digital reading is in fact an illusion.
In conclusion,this article suggests that academic libraries in China should focus on solving the current problems,return to common sense of higher education,professionalism and responsibility of academic library so as to meet the challenge of the New Era. Academic library in China should promote the reform of personnel system in university library,increase the numbers of academic librarians,enhance the professionalism of academic library,adopt positive strategy to attract students as much as possible,promote student reading,and improve academic library service level in an all-round way. 2 figs. 5 tabs. 51 refs.
中文摘要:
      2010年以后,中国高校图书馆迎来了“中国梦”“双一流”“新时代”三大发展机遇,同时亦面临着新的时代挑战。文章通过调查各高校、教育部、高校图工委、国家统计局、中国互联网信息中心等官方发布的公开数据,以“双一流”高校为例,对图书馆经费总量与占比的增长情况、在编馆员数量与质量、大学生阅读现状等情况进行统计分析。结果发现,图书馆总经费在全校总经费中占比平均在05%左右且普遍呈下降趋势,与世界一流大学图书馆经费的一般水平(2%左右)相差甚远;高校图书馆在职员工数量偏低且呈下降趋势,馆员与学生比例为1:300,工作负荷超常,工作时间超长,专业馆员数量严重不足;高校图书馆借阅率持续下降,本科生四年外借图书不足40本,专业图书阅读量不足。我国高校图书馆正面临着“缺经费”“缺馆员”“缺读者”的三重现实困境,与世界一流大学图书馆的基本条件相差甚远。为此,高校图书馆必须直面现实,主动亮剑,以回归常识、回归专业、回归本分为基本对策,为高校图书馆增加经费,提升图书馆员的专业性,最大限度地吸引学生阅读。图2。表5。参考文献51。
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