肖希明,石庆功.沈祖荣沈宝环图书馆学教育思想及其当代价值[J].中国图书馆学报,2020,(1):63~76
On Shen Zurong and Shen Baohuan's Library Science Education Thoughts and the Contemporary Value
沈祖荣沈宝环图书馆学教育思想及其当代价值
Received:June 26, 2019  Revised:July 11, 2019
DOI:
Key words: Shen Zurong(Tsu Yung Seng)  Shen Baohuan  Educational thoughts on library science  History of library science education  History of library science
中文关键词:  沈祖荣  沈宝环  图书馆学教育思想  图书馆学教育史  图书馆学史
基金项目:本文系国家社会科学基金重大项目“中国图书馆学教育百年史及其文化影响研究”(编号:17ZDA295)的研究成果之一
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
XIAO Ximing 武汉大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430072  
SHI Qinggong 武汉大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430072 freesqg@163.com,freesqg@163.com 
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Abstract:
Shen Zurong(Tsu Yung Seng)and Shen Baohuan are the pioneers of library science education in mainland China and Taiwan area respectively, whose library science education thoughts have a far reaching influence. This paper mainly adopts the methods of historical research and literature research. By analyzing their works and original archives, related newspapers, biographies, comments, interviews and other historical materials, and referring to relevant research, this paper systematically explores the background and main content of their library science education thoughts and their enlightenment to the reform and development of the contemporary library science education.The paper proposes that Shen Zurong (Tsu Yung Seng) and Shen Baohuan's library science education thoughts are formed firstly by the educational background of a blend of Chinese traditional culture and Western culture, and secondly by the summary, refinement and sublimation of their long experience in the library cause and library science education activities in different time and space. Their education thoughts are rich in connotation and involve various aspects of library science education. These thoughts are interrelated and complementary, thus forming an ideological system that mainly includes: 1) The library cause is related to the rise and fall of the country's honor and disgrace, and the key to its development is to cultivate professionals; 2) The localization of library science education is crucial and inevitable to promoting the development of library science education in China. Foreign experience in library science education can be referenced but not copied; 3) Library science education is a general education. In addition to the professional knowledge of library science, students should also have some knowledge background of other disciplines; 4) Library science education should emphasize the combination of theory and practice and pay attention to cultivating students professional skills; 5) Library science education should adopt a variety of teaching methods; 6) Library science education should move with the times and constantly adapt to the changing needs of the society; 7) Library science education should emphasize not only students professional knowledge and skills but also their professionalism.
The contemporary value of Shen Zurong(Tsu Yung Seng)and Shen Baohuan's library science education thoughts lies in that: 1) they can inspire library science educators and students to establish firm belief and professionalism in the library cause; 2) they will promote the localization of library science education and build a library science education system with Chinese characteristics; 3) they will enlighten us on the reform and development of the contemporary library science education in China. 60 refs.
中文摘要:
      沈祖荣沈宝环父子分别为中国大陆和台湾地区图书馆学教育先驱,他们的图书馆学教育思想在不同时空下表现出了惊人的相似。沈祖荣沈宝环图书馆学教育思想来源于他们中西结合的教育背景、丰富的图书馆活动实践和图书馆学教育实践,具有十分丰富的内涵。他们认为图书馆学教育是国家图书馆事业发展的关键,事关国家的荣辱兴衰;主张图书馆学教育要本土化,提倡通才教育,注重理论与实践相结合,采用多种方法教学,在理论研究、课程设置等方面与时俱进,注重培养图书馆职业精神等,这些思想相互联系,相辅相成,构成了较为完整和科学的图书馆学教育思想体系。沈祖荣沈宝环图书馆学教育思想的当代价值在于:激励学生坚定对图书馆事业的信念,推动图书馆学教育本土化,培养通才式的图书馆员,建设具有中国特色的图书馆学,并为当今图书馆学教育的改革与发展提供启示和借鉴。参考文献60。
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