冯惠玲,闫慧,张姝婷,于子桐,陈思雨,高春芝,韩蕾倩,张钰浩.中国图书情报与档案管理教育发展研究:历史与现状[J].中国图书馆学报,2020,(1):38~52
Higher Education of Library, Information and Archives Management in China: History and Status Quo
中国图书情报与档案管理教育发展研究:历史与现状
Received:December 25, 2019  
DOI:
Key words:Library science  Information science  Archival science  Library, information and archives management  Higher education  China
中文关键词:  图书馆学  情报学  档案学  图书情报与档案管理  高等教育  中国
基金项目:本文系国务院学位办资助研究项目(学位办[2018]20号文件《关于编写〈一级学科(专业学位类别)发展报告的通知〉》)“图书情报与档案管理一级学科发展报告”的研究成果之一
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
FENG Huiling 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872  
YAN Hui 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872 hyanpku@ruc.edu.cn 
ZHANG Shuting 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872  
YU Zitong 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872  
CHEN Siyu 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872  
GAO Chunzhi 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872  
HAN Leiqian 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872  
ZHANG Yuhao 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872  
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Abstract:
The research questions in this paper include: What is the history of the development of library, information, and archives management education in China? What is the current scale, faculty and students of library, information, and archives management education in China? What are the experiences and developing proposals for the education of library, information, and archives management in China? The methods of collecting data for China's library, information, and archives management education are as follows: First way is a survey on the development history and status by sending a questionnaire to all library, information, and archives management higher education departments and schools in the national universities and research institutes; The second way is online survey on the twenty two universities and institutions which didnt answer the questionnaire;The third way is field interviews in seven universities. The main research findings include: Firstly, with the century long development, China's library, information, and archives management education started from scratch, from less to more. Library science education, information science education and archival science education have been independently created and developed, and integrated in 1998. We have walked a path of sticking to mainstream majors and actively expanding into new fields. Secondly, whether the units of library, information and archives management education are established separately or in the department of history, literature, management, or library entity, they have undergone on average 377 times of renaming of departments or schools names. At present, most education units use the name of information management or information resource management, which has lasted for a longer time. Thirdly, after hundreds of years of precipitation and development in China's library, information, and archives management education, although the size of faculty in total is still small, it has formed a relatively stable, constantly updated group of well educated professionals, a low degree of internationalization, and an insufficiently optimized academic structure. The issue deserves attention. Fourthly, the scale of undergraduate training among students in library, information and archives management education in China is larger than that of masters and doctors, but in terms of the number of degrees awarded, it comes to the reality of the transition from cultivating undergraduate students in the initial period to the main stage of cultivating master students. The employment directions for undergraduates, masters and doctors are mainly about signing an employment agreement or chasing for higher degrees. The proportion of graduates who choose to start their own business is not high. Finally, the paper proposes several directions in the development of library, information, and archives management education in China. 2 figs. 5 tabs. 4 refs.
中文摘要:
      本文的研究问题包括:中国图书情报与档案管理学科教育的发展历史是怎样的?目前该学科教育的专业发展规模、师资队伍、学生培养的现状是什么?经验与发展建议有哪些?论文采集数据的方法和途径为:向全国高校与科研院所的所有图书情报与档案管理学科院系机构发放学科发展历史与现状问卷并回收56份有效机构问卷,并通过网络调查获取另外22家机构的学科点现状,对七所院校开展实地调研和访谈。核心研究结论为:第一,中国图书情报与档案管理教育百年发展中学科点从无到有,从少到多,艰难而荣耀,图书馆学、情报学与档案学历经各自独立创建并发展之后在1998年融合基础上走过了坚守主流专业并积极拓展新领域的道路。第二,图书情报与档案管理无论是单独建系还是在历史、文学、管理或图书馆实体机构之下创立,经历了平均377次的院系名称更名,目前大多数学科点以信息管理或信息资源管理作为名称并基本稳定下来。第三,中国图书情报与档案管理教育经历百年的沉淀和发展后,尽管师资规模仍然偏小,但已形成相对稳定、不断更新换代的师资队伍,国际化程度不高、学缘结构不够优化等问题值得关注。第四,中国图书情报与档案管理教育的在读学生中本科生培养规模大于硕士和博士,但从学科点授予学位情况看,从初创时期的以培养本科生为主已过渡到现在以培养硕士生为主的阶段;本科、硕士和博士在就业去向上均以签署就业协议或者国内外升学为主要去向,本学科毕业生选择自主创业的比例不高。论文最后提出中国图书情报与档案管理教育发展中的若干方向。图2。表5。参考文献4。
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