姚伯岳,周余姣.任重道远砥砺奋进——我国古籍保护学科建设之探索与愿景[J].中国图书馆学报,2019,45(4):44~60
Disciplinary Construction of Rare Books Preservation and Conservation
任重道远砥砺奋进——我国古籍保护学科建设之探索与愿景
Received:April 08, 2019  Revised:June 11, 2019
DOI:
Key words:Rare books preservation and conservation  Study on rare books preservation and conservation  Disciplinary construction  Talent cultivation
中文关键词:  古籍保护  古籍保护学  学科建设  人才培养
基金项目:本文系天津师范大学引进人才基金项目(人文社会科学)“古籍保护学科系列论著的编撰”(编号:YJRW201903)的研究成果之一
Author NameAffiliationE-mail
YAO Boyue 天津师范大学古籍保护研究院 天津 300387 yaoby1963@163.com,yaoby1963@163.com 
ZHOU Yujiao 天津师范大学古籍保护研究院 天津 300387  
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Abstract:
Since the official implementation of China Rare Books Preservation Project in 2007, great achievements have been made in the preservation and conservation of rare books. However, for the lack of specialized talents to be engaged in rare books preservation and conservation, there is a long way to go to train enough talents to cater the realistic demands, and accordingly the disciplinary construction of rare books preservation and conservation has become the focus of academic circles. Under the advocacy and guidance of the National Center for the Preservation and Conservation of Rare Books, more than a dozen universities and colleges have been offering special education in Chinese rare books preservation and conservation. Up to now, a three in one talent training model for rare books preservation and conservation has been established, in which colleges and universities, training bases, and training institutes join together. At the present time, colleges and universities have been playing a key role in the talent cultivation for rare books preservation and conservation. Fudan University, Sun Yat sen University, Graduate School of Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Tianjin Normal University, Jinling Institute of Technology, Nanjing University of the Arts, and some other colleges and universities, together with Nanjing Mochou Vocational School, have been exploring in the talent cultivation for rare books preservation and conservation, ranging from vocational school to graduate school and under different disciplines like Library and Information Science, Cultural Relics and Museology, etc. With a view to domestic and foreign disciplinary construction and talent cultivation of rare books preservation and conservation, it is clear that it is necessary to construct an independent discipline of rare books preservation and conservation. There has been a consensus on the construction of an independent discipline of rare books preservation and conservation, but there are still different viewpoints of its disciplinary attributes. Thus, the disciplinary category of rare books preservation and conservation is the key question to be further discussed. The paper holds that it is of great significance to strengthen the disciplinary construction of rare books preservation and conservation, and rare books preservation and conservation should become an independent discipline in the future. A theoretical framework of rare books preservation and conservation should be proposed, and basic theoretical questions such as its nature and definition, objects, type and scope, contents, methods, and aims should be clarified. Besides, it is necessary to grasp the key points of the disciplinary construction of rare books preservation and conservation, that is, to clarify its objectives, methods, research directions, curriculum, teaching materials, laboratories and training bases. In view of the dilemma caused by the lack of an independent discipline, it is our near term goal to establish a second level discipline of rare books preservation and conservation to meet the practical needs. With its development in the future, rare books preservation and conservation could become a first level discipline under the disciplinary category of “cultural heritages preservation and conservation”, and there could be four second level disciplines under it, i.e., “general theories of rare books preservation and conservation”, “rare books identification and cataloguing”,“rare books preservation and restoration” and “rare books reproduction and dissemination”. Such a disciplinary development vision not only is based on the inner logic and realistic needs of rare books preservation and conservation, but also conforms to global cultural heritage preservation and conservation. Of course, it is a long term vision and is difficult to realize soon, and it still calls for the participation of more scholars from various fields related to cultural heritage preservation and conservation. However, if it could be realized, it would bring about profound changes in the disciplinary construction as well as the talent cultivation of rare books preservation and conservation. 1 tab. 1 fig. 41 refs.
中文摘要:
      自2007年“中华古籍保护计划”正式实施以来,我国古籍保护事业取得了巨大的成就,同时专业人才缺乏的问题日益突显,古籍保护的学科建设成为学界关注的焦点。本文在梳理国内外古籍保护学科建设和人才培养实践和经验的基础上,就学界关注的“古籍保护应独立成学”“古籍保护的学科归属”等问题,提出我国古籍保护学科建设的理论基础,进而阐释古籍保护的研究对象、研究类型和范围、研究内容、研究方法、研究目的、学科性质和定义等基础理论问题。在借鉴欧美古籍保护人才培养模式的基础上,提出我国古籍保护教育的培养目标、方式、研究方向划分、课程设置、教材建设、实验室和实训基地建设等。关于古籍保护学的学科地位问题,认为近期需要大力建设古籍保护的二级学科,远期规划应于新增学科门类“文化遗产保护”之下,将“古籍保护”设为一级学科,其下再设“古籍保护学”“古籍鉴定编目”“古籍保藏修复”“古籍再生传播”四个二级学科。此远期愿景较目前而言跨度较大,实现难度也很高,若能付诸实际,将带来古籍保护学科建设、人才培养和事业发展的深刻变革。图1。表1。参考文献41。
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