文章摘要

顾烨青.我国图书馆史学研究的未来走向[J].中国图书馆学报,2020,(5):114~127
我国图书馆史学研究的未来走向
The Future Trend of Library History Research in China
投稿时间:2019-08-18  修订日期:2020-07-04
DOI:
中文关键词: 图书馆史  图书馆学史  历史编纂  中国
英文关键词: Library history  History of library science  Historiography  China
基金项目:
作者单位
顾烨青 江南大学图书馆 江苏 无锡 214122 
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中文摘要:
      图书馆史学研究是图书馆学研究不可或缺的组成部分,具有探寻图书馆事业和图书馆学发展内在逻辑和历史规律的价值。本文从历史观、研究方法、史料搜集与利用、人才队伍建设和成果评价机制、研究成果传播等方面阐述我国图书馆史学研究需要改进的方向和措施,并进一步提出了值得深化和拓展的九大研究领域:重视图书馆史学原理与图书馆史学史研究,开展图书馆学术语史、概念史、观念史综合研究,加大图书馆学制度史和图书馆社会史维度的研究,凸显具有图书馆学特色的阅读史研究,丰富人物研究的新视角和新领域,跟进图书馆技术史与数字资源建设服务史研究,提高图书馆史志编纂的质量,复兴我国古代图书馆史学研究与夯实当代图书馆史学研究,拓展地域和空间维度的图书馆史学研究。构建与国际接轨又彰显中国特色的图书馆史学理论和方法体系,编纂具有中国风格、中国气派的图书馆史学研究成果,增强国际话语权,是我国图书馆史学研究者的历史责任。参考文献57。
英文摘要:
The study of library history is an indispensable part of library science research, which has the value of exploring the internal logic and historical law of the development of librarianship and library science. After entering the 21st century, the number of articles on library history research in China has entered a period of rapid growth, especially in the past decade. This paper points out the direction and measures to be improved in the study of library history in China. First, we should establish a great conception of history and promote the systematization and ideological content of research. Under the guidance of the grand conception of history and guided by the consciousness of problems, library historians can have a unique insight to examine the logical changes of history and explore the laws from the perspective of connection and development by examining and debating small and numerous historical materials. Second, the research methods are based on literature interpretation, assisted by a variety of other methods. It is necessary to clarify the advantages and disadvantages of quantitative research, digital humanities, oral history and other methods according to specific research objects, research purposes and the actual situation of historical materials and make flexible use in practice. Third, we should expand the sources of historical materials, including tapping the potential of direct sources of historical materials and exploring indirect sources of historical materials,strengthen the preservation and utilization of physical historical materials,audio visual historical materials and modern new carrier digital historical materials, promote the compilation and utilization of archival historical materials,etc., and pay attention to the academic norms for the utilization of historical materials. Fourth, a reasonable talent team and evaluation mechanism of research achievements should be set up. The library history research team needs to absorb genuine aspirants who are driven by interest, possess certain historical research accomplishments and master systematic knowledge of library science.Independent writing should be encouraged. We should improve the mechanism of achievement evaluation, expanding the types of award-winning achievements and taking the quality of papers as the criterion of evaluation. Fifth, research results should be paid attention to all-round dissemination. Efforts should be made to establish research journals on library history in China to strengthen the dissemination and popularization among the public both abroad and outside the academic circles of libraries, and new media should be made full use for publicity.
In the future, nine major specific research fields can be deepened and expanded: 1)paying attention to the principles of library history studies and to the research on the history of library history; 2)carrying out a comprehensive study on the history of library science terms, concepts and ideas; 3)increasing the research on the dimension of library science system history and library social history; 4)highlighting the research of reading history with library characteristics; 5)enriching new perspectives and new fields of research on figures; 6)following up the research on the history of library technology and the history of digital resources construction & service; 7)improving the quality of compiling library historical records; 8)reviving the research of ancient library history and consolidating the research of contemporary library history; 9)expanding the study of library history in the regional and spatial dimensions.
It is the historical responsibility of Chinese library historiography researchers to construct a library historiography theory and method system that can conform to international standards with Chinese style and to enhance the international discourse power of Chinese scholars. 57 refs.
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