文章摘要

贾君枝.词表生态系统:构成要素及关联关系[J].中国图书馆学报,2020,46(4):60~68
词表生态系统:构成要素及关联关系
Vocabulary Ecosystem: Components and Correlations
投稿时间:2020-02-28  修订日期:2020-03-26
DOI:
中文关键词: 信息组织  生态系统  词表
英文关键词: Information organization  Ecosystem  Vocabularies
基金项目:本文系国家社会科学基金项目“数据开放环境中的词表重用问题研究”(编号:19BTQ023)的研究成果之一
作者单位
贾君枝 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872 
摘要点击次数: 411
全文下载次数: 335
中文摘要:
      词表通过为数据添加明确的语义,推动了结构化数据网络的形成与发展。从数据生态、开放数据生态系统到关联数据生态系统的演化,以词表、信息技术、资源、人等要素共同构成的词表生态系统随之产生,同时推动着词表功能的扩大,词表价值的提升,以及关联数据生态系统的高质量发展。本文综合分析国内外研究文献,结合生态系统的理论与方法,对词表生态系统的基本构成进行详细分析,从各构成要素的功能角度讨论其对词表所造成的影响,认为高质量词表应从语义、语法、可获得性、互操作层面入手进行建设。在此基础上,深入剖析词表责任人、词表与词表、词表与数据集之间所产生的各种关系,展示以词表为核心所形成的纵横交织网络的特征,以了解词表数据集网络呈现的关联性,总体把握词表生命周期链条中各责任人彼此关联、环环相扣的态势,共同推动词表质量及价值的提升。图2。表1。参考文献15。
英文摘要:
Vocabulary promotes the formation and development of structured data networks by adding explicit semantics to data. From the data ecology,open data ecosystem to the evolution of the associated data ecosystem,the vocabulary ecosystem composed of vocabularies,information technology,resources and human comes into being,which promotes the expansion of vocabularies function,the enhancement of vocabularies value and the high-quality development of the linked data ecosystemThe construction of vocabulary is affected by various factors such as related technologies,users,resource objects. The produce,release,use,maintenance and update of the vocabulary depend on each other and interact with each other.
The paper focus on the vocabulary development from the perspective of the ecosystem,instead of being restricted to the vocabulary itself,organically considers the various components of ecosystem and their relationships. To study the problem of vocabulary construction from the perspective of dynamic development and its interactive relationship is of great significance for the vocabulary to maintain long-term vitality and high quality.
The paper uses a systematic analysis method to analyze the vocabulary,information technology,resource,and personnel of the vocabulary ecosystem. And it explains the possible impact of each element on the vocabulary ecosystem in terms of quality,function,and evolution characteristicsThe literature research method and data analysis method are used to sort out the types of horizontal and vertical interweaving relationships generated in the vocabulary ecosystem.
The paper considers that high-quality vocabularies should be constructed from the aspects of semantics,grammar,availability and interoperability. From the view of the vocabulary life cycle,the relationship between producers,providers,managers,users and other responsible persons is analyzed longitudinally,which aims to overall grasp the interrelationship of all responsible persons in the life cycle chain. The vocabulary providers build a bridge between the vocabulary producers and users. And the vocabulary managers become an intermediary between the vocabulary producers and providers. The feedback information of the vocabulary users is helpful to form a well-ordered and value-grading knowledge transfer and utilization system. The paper also analyzes the horizontal relationship between two vocabularies,and the vocabulary and the data set,and subdivides relationships into reuse,mapping,restriction,metadata,and co-occurrence between vocabularies. It is considered that various relationships occur at different stages of the vocabulary life cycle. The reuse,mapping,and restriction relationships occur mostly during the vocabulary construction stage,the metadata relationship arises during the vocabulary release stage,and the co-occurrence relationship occurs during the use of the vocabulary. The relationships between the vocabulary and the data set include reuse and creation. By reusing existing vocabularies or creating new vocabularies,the data set can have a clear semantic structure,which can be used in the future. 2 figs. 1 tab. 15 refs.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器