文章摘要

王丽华,刘炜,刘圣婴.数字人文的理论化趋势前瞻[J].中国图书馆学报,2020,46(3):17~23
数字人文的理论化趋势前瞻
Perspective Research of Digital Humanities Theory
投稿时间:2019-10-28  
DOI:
中文关键词: 人文  数字人文  数字人文本质  数字人文理论
英文关键词: Humanity  Digital Humanities  Digital Humanities nature  Digital Humanities theory
基金项目:
作者单位
王丽华 上海大学图书情报档案系 上海 200444 
刘炜 上海大学图书情报档案系 上海 200444 
刘圣婴 上海大学图书情报档案系 上海 200444 
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中文摘要:
      数字人文近年来发展迅速,但是学者们主要关注作为一种方法论实践的数字人文,而对数字人文自身的理论建设较为漠视;缺乏理论内核的数字人文呈现一种数据库建设多于学科研究、论辩多于创新的现象,表面上轰轰烈烈,却缺少进一步发展的动力和灵魂。本文呼吁重视数字人文的学科建设和理论研究。从“人文”的内涵出发,指出数字人文是“人文学科”的延伸和发展,是多门学科共同构成的一个新领域,其对人文的作用已经超越了工具或方法的使用,丰富了人文科学的内涵,是一种质的变革;辨析了与数字人文相关的人文学科、人文科学和人文主义等概念,基于麦卡蒂的方法论共同体与卡拉托斯的科学哲学理论构建了数字人文研究的理论框架,其由数字人文的基础理论、方法论、具体工作内容与研究领域构成。图1。参考文献11。
英文摘要:
Digital Humanities (DH) develops rapidly in recent years However,scholars pay more attention to the practical research as a methodology rather than theoretical study The lack of theoretical hardcore leads to the phenomenon presented as more DH databases than research outcomes and more debates than discipline innovation Under the vigorous appearance,the dynamic and soul of development is absent This paper calls for more concern over theoretical studies of DH.
This paper discerns concepts related to DH,such as the humanities,human science and humanism DH,the new concept,comes into being as digital techniques are applied to the humanities It enriches the connotation of the humanities As the extension and development of the humanities,DH is a new research field made up from multiple disciplines.
Whether DH can exist as an independent discipline should be examined from three aspects 1) From the historical perspective,the traditional humanities are static and knowledge is isolated Applying digital techniques to the humanities,DH breaks down and reorganizes knowledge and searches the potential relationship of knowledge,which has become a new kind of the humanities 2) From the scientific and philosophical perspective,the effect of DH on the humanities has gone beyond the use of tools or methods Instead,it is the qualitative change Digital activities will penetrate into all fields of the humanities and will lead to many new cultural phenomena as well as new digital modern world views and values 3) From the perspective of future development,DH requires theoretical support which determines its future development.
Based on the Methodological Commons of McCarty and the Philosophy of Science of Lakatos,the paper constructs a theoretical framework of DH,which comprises fundamental theory,methodology,contents and research fields 1 fig 11 refs.
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