文章摘要

马海群,冯畅.信息资源管理政策执行力影响因素研究——以《关于加强信息资源开发利用工作的若干意见》为例[J].中国图书馆学报,2020,(2):56~74
信息资源管理政策执行力影响因素研究——以《关于加强信息资源开发利用工作的若干意见》为例
Factors Influencing the Executive Ability of Information Resource Management Policies: A Case Study on Some Opinions for Strengthening the Development and Use of Information Resources
投稿时间:2019-03-28  修订日期:2019-12-16
DOI:
中文关键词: 信息资源管理  政策研究  执行力  系统动力学  《关于加强信息资源开发利用工作的若干意见》
英文关键词: Information resource management Policy research Executive capability System dynamics Some Opinions for Strengthening the Development and Use of Information Resources
基金项目:本文系国家社会科学基金重点项目“开放数据与数据安全的政策协同研究”(编号:15ATQ008)的研究成果之一
作者单位E-mail
马海群 黑龙江大学信息管理学院 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150080 mahaiqun@sina.com.cn,mahaiqun@sina.com.cn 
冯畅 黑龙江大学信息管理学院 黑龙江 哈尔滨 150080  
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中文摘要:
      
本文以《关于加强信息资源开发利用工作的若干意见》为样本,研究影响信息资源管理政策执行力的相关因素,以期提高信息资源管理政策执行效率,更好地指导和规范新的政策的出台和实施。基于信息资源管理政策执行力影响因素的特点,运用系统动力学原理,通过建模和仿真对政府信息公开的程度、执行人员的素质与能力、目标群体的结构与信息素质、配套政策的协同性、信息资源管理政策的明晰性和前瞻性这五个因素进行灵敏度分析,对比各系统参数值的改变对信息资源管理政策执行力的影响程度。研究结果表明,政府信息公开的程度对信息资源管理政策执行力的影响最显著,目标群体的结构与信息素质对信息资源管理政策执行力的影响较小且有限,其余三个因素均对信息资源管理政策执行力产生不同程度的影响。结合大数据时代的发展需求,对《关于加强信息资源开发利用工作的若干意见》的修订提出建议:推进政府数据开放,建立健全配套政策协同机制,完善政策规范和体系。提出信息资源管理政策执行力的提升路径:提高政府信息公开和数据开放的程度,加强执行主体协同与信息资源开发利用活动的评估工作,增强政策制定过程的科学性,提升执行人员的素质与能力。图8。表1。参考文献46。
英文摘要:
This paper offers certain viewpoints on strengthening the development and use of information resources to make the process optimization of policy implementation by studying the impact of relevant factors on the executive power of information resource management policies, so as to improve the implementation effect of information resource management policies.
The formulation, improvement and execution of information resource management policies provide satisfying policy environment for development and utilization of information resource, so that the need for information resource management policies is becoming increasingly prominent. With the gradual maturity of the modeling and simulation theory, the study of policy issues through simulation models has gained importance as a theoretical method, which is extensively applied in the decision support field.
By adopting the system dynamic principle, this research conducts a sensitivity analysis on five factors related to the degree of information disclosure by the government, quality and ability of executive staff, structure and information literacy of target groups, synergy of supporting policies,explicitation and forwardlooking of information resource management policies to compare the changes in system parameters values on the influence of executive ability of information resource management policies through modeling and simulation. The results show that the degree of information disclosure by the government influences the executive power of information resource management policies most remarkably. The structure and information literacy of target groups have limited influence, while the impact of the other three factors on the implementation capability of information resource management policies varies.
Based on the characteristics analysis of the factors influencing the executive ability of information resource management policies and refinement of existing overseas and domestic literature, this paper summarises and expounds the related factors that affect the executive ability of information resource management policies. Comprehensive methods of quantitative and qualitative analyses are used to discover the most critical factors that influence the executive capability of information resource management policies. With regard to data collection, the experiment uses the index for average growth rate of information resource development and utilization in 2012, which replaces the growth rate of the executive ability of information resource management policies. Combined with the era of big data, this paper puts forward revised recommendations on information resource management policies: 1) promote open government data, 2) establish and perfect a collaborative mechanism of support policies, and 3) improve policy norms and system. The paper proposes ways to upgrade the executive ability of information resource management policies from the following perspectives: improve the degree of government information disclosure and data openness, strengthen coordination of executive subjects and evaluation of information resources development and utilization activity, enhance the scientific policymaking processes and improve the quality and ability of policy executors. This research presents a new set of viewpoints and attempts to study the factors influencing the executive ability of information resource management policy. 8 figs. 1 tab. 46 refs.
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