文章摘要

周纲,孙宇.开创性的下一代图书馆服务平台解决方案——FOLIO[J].中国图书馆学报,2020,(1):79~91
开创性的下一代图书馆服务平台解决方案——FOLIO
Innovative Solution of Next Generation Library Service Platform:FOLIO
  修订日期:2019-10-28
DOI:
中文关键词: 图书馆服务平台  第三代图书馆  FOLIO
英文关键词: Library service platform  Third generation library  FOLIO
基金项目:本文系国家社会科学基金一般项目“面向数字人文研究的图书馆开放数据体系构建与服务模式设计研究”(编号:18BTQ027)的研究成果之一
作者单位E-mail
周纲 上海图书馆系统网络中心 上海 200031 gzhou@libnet.sh.cn,gzhou@libnet.sh.cn 
孙宇 上海图书馆系统网络中心 上海 200031  
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全文下载次数: 76
中文摘要:
      近几年国内外商业图书馆服务平台发展迅速,这些平台体现了SaaS软件服务模式的优势和数字时代图书馆系统的最新发展趋势,但这些进展还没有完全解决和满足图书馆在业务和技术等方面面临的困难和最新需求,FOLIO开源图书馆服务平台项目的开发和实施正在改变这种局面。FOLIO以其先进的技术架构和共赢的生态环境,将开创性地解决下一代图书馆服务平台实践中的问题,如运营成本、私有云模式、功能自主性、安全可控性、系统开放性和可靠性等。本文详细介绍了下一代图书馆服务平台的特点,包括纸电一体化管理、知识库管理、面向服务架构、开放API、云端技术和多租户平台、涵盖现有多种产品的功能,同时列举了国内外主要应用现状。在此基础上分析了FOLIO技术架构和生态环境等方面的优势,包括:支持图书馆差异化需求的微服务架构,适用于大规模应用的Vert.x高性能异步网络库,可以集成各种资源元数据的Codex高级元数据子集,丰富的社区沟通渠道和独特的图书馆可自由选择的开发运维模式等。文章详细探讨了FOLIO可解决的实际问题,对我国建设第三代图书馆服务平台具有重要意义。表6。参考文献31。
英文摘要:
The next generation library service platform needs to meet the new trends in library business, such as separation of storage and use, theme library, alliance collaboration, external system integration, intelligent service and so on. The next generation library service platform is no longer a single software system, but a software service platform with the characteristics of paper and electricity integrated management, knowledge base management, service oriented architecture, open API, cloud technology and multi tenant platform, as well as the functions of various existing products. The purpose of this paper is to explore the FOLIO open source library service platform with its advanced technical architecture and win win ecological environment, which will solve the problems in the practice of the next generation library service platform. This paper first introduces the development overview of commercial software. Since 2011, some commercial software launched abroad has the characteristics of SaaS multi tenant, global knowledge base, API and discovery service. Since 2016, some domestic commercial software has added micro services, unified resource management and other features. Domestic libraries may face a dilemma that the previous generation of integrated library management system neither adapts to the information technology in the new era, nor meet the innovative business. The commercial next generation library service platform has not fully solved all problems in the development of the library business. Secondly, this paper introduces some characteristics of FOLIO. Micro services can easily form standard functional modules and business processes, and competing companies can develop different products around the same library service platform. Micro services may also support the differentiation, and any innovative developer can provide unique application modules.Vert.x high performance asynchronous network library can support large scale applications. Codex, a standardization and virtualization layer, integrates metadata about various resources, regardless of format, encoding, or storage location. Codex solves the problem of micro services entanglement and serves as a resource hub. Community model will allow products to evolve more in line with the expectations of libraries, which may become software designers. The development may be split between the open source community and the software company, and maintenance split between the professional maintenance company and the library itself. This paper focuses on how these characteristics can solve some practical problems faced by domestic libraries. FOLIO can reduce license, training, implementation and support costs, because of its competitiveness, thereby controlling and reducing the overall operating cost. Both public and private cloud models are supported in FOLIO. Some libraries can choose private cloud model due to network reliability limitations and legacy system integration requirements. All FOLIO apps follow the same API specification, and the intercommunication between apps, other business systems and apps is governed by rules. FOLIO openness solves the island of data among library applications. FOLIO fully meets the library's desire for software modularity and functional autonomy through business module modularization. Librarians, software companies, project managers and others can find their own way of communication and obtain necessary information, especially Chinese libraries may affect the development direction of software. Finally, this paper introduces that the library has used several open source software whose reliability has been verified. The paper expects FOLIO to be one of the new models and directions of the next generation library service platform. 6 tabs. 31 refs.
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