文章摘要

苏新宁.新时代图书馆使命与未来图书馆学教育之思考[J].中国图书馆学报,2020,(1):53~62
新时代图书馆使命与未来图书馆学教育之思考
On the Mission of Library in the New Era and the Education of Library Science in the Future
投稿时间:2020-01-10  
DOI:
中文关键词: 图书馆发展  图书馆使命  图书馆学教育  图书馆专业课程  图书馆员
英文关键词:  Library development  Library mission  Library science education  Library professional curriculum Librarian
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
苏新宁 南京大学信息管理学院 江苏 南京 210023 xnsu@nju.edu.cn,xnsu@nju.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      未来图书馆将会发展成为一种网络运行的数字化、虚拟化、可移动、智慧服务的新形态,其资源全面融合、无缝链接;图书馆的职能也不仅仅是进行文献服务,将会扩展到服务于国家战略。图书馆的五大重要使命包括:辅助科技创新,提升全民文化素质,传承历史文化,推动科学普及,引领学科发展。未来图书馆学专业人才的培养,必须掌握新资源环境下图书馆学理论、技术与方法,注重图书馆资源建构与组织能力的培养,加强学科馆员使命感和能力的培育,提高大数据环境下资源获取能力和分析能力,把在图书馆实习当作必修课程。参考文献26。
英文摘要:
The library is a growing organism; the information technology and social demand are important forces for the growth of the library. The future library will have important changes in resource construction, development form, service ability, librarian positioning and so on because of the forces. The future library needs to shoulder the new mission and play the irreplaceable role in innovation of science and technology, performance of national strategy, inheritance of culture, popularization of science and leading disciplines. New requirements are put forward for the library profession to undertake such a mission; the library science education should be reorganized by forward looking thinking to meet the new professional requirements, and the theoretical analysis and practical ability of the library science talents are constantly improved. This paper makes a comprehensive consideration of the mission of library in the new era and the education of library science in the future from three aspects: the future library, the mission of library and the education of library science.
The library will develop into a new form of digital, virtual, mobile and intelligent service with comprehensive integration and seamless connection of resources in the future. The ability of the library is not only to provide literature service, but also to serve the national strategy. The scope of resource construction will be significantly expanded; traditional literature resources, thematic network resources and user experience resources will be unified in the integration framework of digital resources and solve the practical problems of users by making semantic correlation and disclosure; it will mainly be reflected in the digitalization of resources, the virtualization of forms and the mobility of use in the form of library; the literature service is upgraded to the wisdom service; the limitation of literature and information service for the whole people will be broken through the library, and the national strategic service will be expanded; the librarian who has both subject knowledge and professional skills will be positioned as the “know it all” of subject development.The technological innovation, the cultural quality improvement of the whole people, the inheritance of historical culture, the promotion of popularization of science and the development of disciplines are five important missions of the library in the future. In order to fulfill this mission, the library in the future should perform the unique function of knowledge service in scientific literature and intellectual property, highlight the social status advantage in the promotion of cultural reading and the construction of cultural power, show the professional skills of information organization in the protection of ancient books and the inheritance of historical culture, give full play to resources and platform in carrying out science popularization activities and promoting the popularization of science, and reflect the comprehensive ability of librarians in subject knowledge and professional skills which helps teaching and research activities and leading the development of subjects.
The cultivation of library science professionals in the future must master the theory and methods of library science under the new resource environment, pay attention to the cultivation of library resource construction and organization ability, strengthen the cultivation of librarians'senses of mission and ability, improve the ability of resource acquisition and analysis under the big data environment, and take the practice in the library as a required course.

In a word, library, library profession and library science education must go hand in hand with the times. The development of three aspects should be positioned in facing the public, facing the profession, facing the decision making and helping the country strategy. This is the new mission given to library by history. Therefore, librarians must remain true to their original aspiration, keep their mission firmly in mind and sheer endeavor.26 refs.

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