文章摘要

陈传夫,李秋实.开放社会与图书馆发展[J].中国图书馆学报,2020,(1):16~37
开放社会与图书馆发展
Library Development in an Open Society
投稿时间:2019-12-30  
DOI:
中文关键词: 开放社会  开放环境  图书馆发展
英文关键词: Open society  Open environment  Library development
基金项目:本文系国家社会科学基金重大项目“社会数字化转型背景下图书馆发展风险规制研究”(编号:19ZDA340)和文化名家暨“四个一批”人才工程项目(中宣办发[2014]17号)“国家大数据治理机制及政策研究”的研究成果之一
作者单位E-mail
陈传夫 武汉大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430072 cfchen@whu.edu.cn,cfchen@whu.edu.cn 
李秋实 武汉大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430072  
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中文摘要:
      现代图书馆制度缘自对传统知识垄断与封闭社会的挑战与博弈。但自20世纪末互联网的发展与内容开放潮流,全球进入信息、数据与智能开放新环境。在新型开放社会,数据成为重要的生产要素,驱动创新、科研与社会治理。开放环境彻底改变社会知识的供给与消费生态,使图书馆的传统优势与功能受到严峻挑战。作为向社会公众免费开放的公共文化设施,图书馆应在新型环境中创新发展路径,获得社会赋能,规避发展风险,以更高水平的创新实现高质量发展,从而保持在开放社会中的文化与信息主流地位。参考文献143。
英文摘要:
Modern library system was a product of the challenges coming from knowledge monopoly and closed society. However, with the development of the Internet and open contents movement since late last century, the world has entered into a new open environment of information, data and intelligence. In such new open society, data becomes an important factor of production, providing impetus to the process of innovation, scientific research and social governance. 

Information/data disclosure, acquisition and sharing constitute the basic dimensions of open environment. Driven by the Internet and information technologies, the open government information, open research data and open education resources have laid the foundation of open information environment. ICTs, open network and the growing commercial digital platforms service reshape the user information and data acquisition mode. Open data, open science movement and data services provided by public and private sectors make data sharing cheaper, more efficient and convenient.
While such open environment is transforming the ecology of supply and consumption of knowledge and information, the advantages and traditional functions of the library are severely challenged. The main challenges are: the lack of data in the library collection is difficult to meet the increasing information demand of the society. Network service, public service, commercial information service and other new services compete with libraries, resulting in the loss of library users. Under the trend of disintermediation, the knowledge intermediary function of libraries is being replaced,squeezing the living space of the library. The library's research service, reference service, document delivery and other services have been replaced by open access, self archiving, self publishing, social document sharing platforms and other services. Compared with the low cost and widespread open network environment, the cost and efficiency advantages of library information services are declining, which makes the library face survival risks. However, the new open environment is a new opportunity for libraries. Libraries should seize the development opportunity, make full use of its core advantages, actively integrate the open environment, and go beyond the open environment to explore innovative development path. 
The authoritative library, credible library, blended library, smart library and seamless library are the innovative development priorities in the open environment. In the open society, libraries should be built into the authoritative knowledge centers which are generally recognized, trusted and preferred by the public. Taking advantage of credible knowledge brand and safe communication space, libraries should play their role in supporting academic integrity service, enhancing the public's continuous trust. The smart library provides smart data services based on technologies and tools, builds intelligent library space, and inspires user wisdom in open interaction. The blended library referring to the open service should integrates the open trend of public data, government data and scientific data, deeply embedded in the demands of individuals, communities and society. The seamless library means connection with community life in the dimension of time and space, leading social culture, knowledge and information services.

As a cultural and information institution open to the public free of charge, libraries should strive for high quality development driven by high level innovation, through evolving with the open environment, gaining more social empowerment, and avoiding potential risks, so as to maintain a mainstream culture and information position in an open society. 143 refs.
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