文章摘要

饶权.回顾与前瞻:图书馆转型发展面临的问题与思考[J].中国图书馆学报,2020,(1):4~15
回顾与前瞻:图书馆转型发展面临的问题与思考
Review and Outlook on the Problems of Library Transformation
投稿时间:2019-11-26  
DOI:
中文关键词: 图书馆转型  中国经验  中国方案  文化自信
英文关键词: Library transformation  Chinese experience  Chinese approach  Cultural confidence
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
饶权 国家图书馆 北京 100081 syrq@nlc.cn,syrq@nlc.cn 
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中文摘要:
      “十三五”时期我国公共图书馆事业发展取得显著成绩:法制体系建设取得重大突破,总分馆建设深入推进,传承弘扬优秀传统文化的方式不断创新,全民阅读服务蓬勃开展,数字化网络化建设促进事业转型发展。在全球图书馆事业转型发展的背景下,我国图书馆事业发展也面临诸多问题和挑战,主要表现在:在不断拓展的跨界融合趋势下,图书馆的主动谋划和作为尚显不足;在信息技术的加速迭代下,图书馆业态的创新发展已迫在眉睫;营销意识缺乏、手段单一,使图书馆的社会影响力受到较大局限;多元文化体验需求日益旺盛,对图书馆的传统空间设计理念带来冲击;数字文明时代,图书馆的资源采集与保存体系亟待被赋予新的内涵;体制机制改革中仍存在某些错位与不到位的问题,一定程度上限制了图书馆的发展活力。全国图书馆界正在从传统文化传承弘扬、资源建设、服务创新、新技术应用、转型发展、跨界融合、营销推广、管理运行机制等多方面主动谋划,用前瞻思维引领更加长远的发展。参考文献10。
英文摘要:
The librarianship has made significant progress during the 13th Five Year Plan. The legal system witnessed a great breakthrough. The Public Cultural Service Guarantee Law of the People's Republic of China (PRC) was introduced in 2016. The Public Library Law of the People's Republic of Chinawhich is the first law to specialize in the library since the PRC was founded was issued in 2017. Also, nationwide reading regulations, ancient books protection planning, service specifications of public libraries, local public cultural service guarantee regulations, public library regulations, and nationwide reading promotion regulations were issued successively, which provide legal guarantee for the development of libraries. The central branch library system also made an advance. As of the end of 2018, over 25,000 branch libraries were built by 3,176 public libraries above the county level. Compared with 2015, the number increased by over 12,000, nearly doubling that of 2015, which helped to extend public libraries services to grass root areas below the county level. Innovative measures were taken to inherit and promote excellent traditional culture. Libraries of all levels abided by the spirit of “making characters in ancient books come alive”. With the support of key cultural projects such as the Ancient Books Protection and Conservation Plan as well as Preservation and Conservation Program of Revolutionary Documents and Documents in Minguo Period Plan, the levels of protection, reorganization, research and utilization were all elevated. Nationwide reading flourished. Nationwide reading has been involved in the Government Work Reportfor six times since 2014. Public libraries of all levels held reading promotion activities such as lectures, exhibitions, reading guidance, reading communication, speeches, reciting, exchanging and sharing books, which aroused public reading interests. Digital and network construction facilitated transformation development. By various media channels, public libraries of all levels expanded remote network service, boosted the construction of digital reading facilities, and innovated digital reading service modes, which enabled the public to access library reading service without the restriction of time and space.
Under the background of global library transformation, the Chinese librarianship is confronted with the following challenges. In the context of growing cross boundary integration, the library does not take enough initiative; with the increasing iteration of information technology, the transformation of the library becomes extremely urgent; lack of marketing and means restricts the library's social influence; the demand on multi cultural experience makes impact on traditional idea of the library's space design; in the era of digital civilization, the resource harvesting and preservation in the library need to be endowed with new connotations; problems existing in the institutional reform restrict the development vitality to some extent. The library community is contriving from various aspects such as inheriting and promoting traditional culture, resource construction, service innovation, application of new technologies, transformation development, cross boundary integration, marketing and management mechanism to enable proactive thinking to guide the long term development. 10 refs.
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