文章摘要

王子舟.多视角下的空间:城市公共阅读空间演进的几个观念[J].中国图书馆学报,2019,45(6):24~33
多视角下的空间:城市公共阅读空间演进的几个观念
Space from Multiple Perspectives: Several Concepts of Evolution in Urban Public Reading Space
投稿时间:2019-09-08  
DOI:
中文关键词: 公共阅读空间  公共知识空间  空间设计与布局  空间理论  图书馆
英文关键词: Public reading space  Public knowledge space  Space design and layout  Space theory  Library
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
王子舟 北京大学信息管理系 北京 100871 zzhwang@126.com,zzhwang@126.com 
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中文摘要:
      图书馆空间研究正在成为一个重要研究领域。各地新建图书馆与社会力量参与建设的公共阅读空间也迫切需要空间设计与空间布局的理论指导。本文借助空间社会学、都市人类学、人文地理学等学科的理论和方法对城市公共阅读空间进行研究,探索公共阅读空间怎样协调公共性与私人性之间的矛盾,怎样使公共阅读空间变为社区的有机体而非空泛、浮华的社会形象,如何避免公共阅读空间的“非地方”性倾向而增加“地方”元素,如何使用适当的技术手段实现公共阅读空间的社会功效最大化等。这不仅有助于丰富公共阅读空间自身的基础理论,也可为城市公共阅读空间的建设者提供思想参考。参考文献23。
英文摘要:
With the emergence of new libraries and various types of public reading spaces that social forces are participating in the construction of, the space design, layout and functions of libraries and public reading spaces are becoming an important research field. Since 2005, Chinese academia have had corresponding discussions on information sharing space, public knowledge space and urban third space. The “shared space” “communication space” “experience space”“creator space” and “smart space” have also appeared in papers of library science. New libraries and public reading space around the country are also in urgent need of theoretical guidance of space design and layout. The author uses “urban public reading space” as libraries or public reading spaces in the city. Starting from experience and historical process, the author uses the hermeneutic method to study the urban public reading space. Besides, spatial sociology, urban anthropology, human geography and other theories and methods have also been adopted. From the perspectives of private space and public space, community and society, place and non place, technological progress and spatial development, the author explores and explains the following issues: how the public reading space coordinates the contradiction between public and private character; how to make the public reading space into community organism rather than an empty, flashy social image; how to avoid the “non place” tendency of public reading space but increase the “place” element; how to use appropriate technical means to maximize the social function of the public reading space, etc. The author believes that the concept of humanistic values (purpose), openness and freedom (form), sharing and monopoly (function) should be the most basic “three primary colors” of urban public reading space.These views, which involve spatial development and have been in interdisciplinary perspective, not only help to deepen the reconsideration of the design, layout, function and even spatial reorganization and re creation of urban public reading space, enriching the basic theories of urban public reading space, but also provide a certain ideological reference for the builders of the urban public reading space. 23 refs.
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