文章摘要

刘炜,陈晨,张磊.5G与智慧图书馆建设[J].中国图书馆学报,2019,45(5):42~50
5G与智慧图书馆建设
5G and Smart Library Construction
投稿时间:2019-08-12  
DOI:
中文关键词: 5G  智慧图书馆  应用场景  FOLIO  服务平台
英文关键词: 5G  Smart library  Application scenario  FOLIO  Service platform
基金项目:本文系国家社会科学基金项目“面向数字人文研究的图书馆开放数据体系构建与服务模式设计研究”(编号:18BTQ027)和国家社会科学基金重大项目“面向大数据的数字图书馆移动视觉搜索机制及应用(模式)研究”(编号:15ZDB126)的研究成果之一
作者单位E-mail
刘炜 上海图书馆 上海200031  
陈晨 上海图书馆 上海200031 chenchen@libnet.sh.cn 
张磊 上海图书馆 上海200031  
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中文摘要:
      随着第五代移动通讯技术即 5G技术的加速普及,一个万物互联的世界即将到来,它所带来的数据洪流借助于机器学习和人工智能,很快会造就一个智慧型社会,图书馆也将迈入智慧时代。当前国内外智慧图书馆已从理论探讨转向应用开发,正好可以利用5G技术加快智慧图书馆的进程。本文介绍5G技术的三大基本设计场景,以及它们在图书馆服务、管理和业务三个方面可能提供的智慧应用,进而提出了5G在图书馆中应用的十大场景,即无感借阅、导航导览、超清影视、智慧书房、智慧场馆、云课堂、精准推送、机器人服务、智能安防、区域服务,强调5G将能给上述应用带来突破性进展。文章对实现智慧图书馆的系统平台作了展望,认为基于微服务架构的、开放的FOLIO完全能胜任智慧图书馆的管理需求;最后讨论了5G技术对图书馆行业带来的风险与挑战。图1。表2。参考文献8。
英文摘要:
The fifth generation mobile communication technology, 5G technology, is accelerating. With the ultimate experience and greater capacity, a world of Internet of everything will soon be opened. And the data flow will bring about a smart society with machine learning and artificial intelligence; the library will also enter the era of wisdom. At present, smart libraries at home and abroad have shifted from theoretical discussion to application development. The new technologies and standards of 5G will affect the information organization and information dissemination of libraries, combining big data, cloud computing, artificial intelligence and other technologies to accelerate the process of smart libraries.
The purpose of this paper is to explore the impact of 5G on the development of smart libraries. The paper first introduces the development of 5G technology and smart libraries, and describes the three basic design scenarios of 5G and the innovations of various new network architectures and technologies, the meaning and application requirements of the “smart” services provided by smart libraries, and then combine the two to explore the smart applications that 5G technology may provide in the three aspects of smart library service, management and business, including ultra high speed multimedia applications, intelligent building space services and other low latency and high reliability applications. On the basis of this, combining with the actual business needs, this paper puts forward ten application scenarios of 5G technology in the library application, including non sensing borrowing, navigation guide, ultra clear panoramic interactive video, smart study, smart venue, cloud classroom, precision push, robot service, smart security, and regional service. Some of these scenarios are already in use in libraries; however, the combination with the three major application scenarios of 5G technology (eMMB, mMTC and uRLLC) can bring breakthrough progress.


The paper also looks forward to the realization of the system platform of the smart library, focusing on the third generation library service platform FOLIO, which believes that its micro service architecture based open features are fully qualified for the management needs of smart libraries. At the same time, FILIO can be closely integrated with 5G technology. With its openness, flexibility, scalability and future oriented architecture, FOLIO is an ideal platform for 5G applications, which can better support edge computing (fog computing) and efficient distributed processing and large scale business collaboration, and 5G independent network slicing technology can guarantee the openness and almost unlimited scalability of the FOLIO platform. Therefore, it is emphasized that the third generation library service platform needs to integrate 5G application capabilities to better support all kinds of intelligent applications.
Finally, the paper discusses the risks and challenges brought by 5G technology to the library industry, including the construction and service of multimedia resources, the business model of the library as a knowledge intermediary and building an ideal modern management service platform. 1 fig. 2 tabs. 8 refs.
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