文章摘要

董舞艺,梁兴堃.中国人文学者参与数字人文动机的二元结构及行为路径[J].中国图书馆学报,2019,45(4):86~103
中国人文学者参与数字人文动机的二元结构及行为路径
Motivations and Paths of Chinese Humanities Scholars Participating in Digital Humanities
投稿时间:2019-03-12  修订日期:2019-04-15
DOI:
中文关键词: 数字人文  人文学者  信息行为  行为路径  科研动机
英文关键词: Digital humanities  Humanities scholars  Information behavior  Participation paths  Research motivation
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
董舞艺 北京大学信息管理系 北京 100871  
梁兴堃 北京大学信息管理系 北京 100871 lxk@pku.edu.cn,lxk@pku.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      数字人文在世界范围的兴起和发展引起了学术界的广泛关注,以往研究多聚焦数字人文的技术问题,而忽略了人文学者这一重要参与主体。本文通过多案例研究探索中国人文学者参与数字人文的现状;采用半结构化访谈法和观察法,对11位典型的人文学者进行纵贯数据收集;综合运用质性分析方法,归纳出18个影响人文学者参与数字人文的主范畴,在此基础上构建了用于解释中国学者参与数字人文的相关理论。研究发现,人文学者参与数字人文的动机是二元的,包括主动动机和被动动机;在二元动机的共同作用下,人文学者参与数字人文产生了阶段性的信息需求和参与行为,进而演化出三种参与路径:阶段式假性参与、自我调节性参与和外界干预式参与;每种参与路径的产生有其发展条件和影响因素,并且可分解为不同的阶段,每个阶段对应着各自的要素特征。通过聚焦人文学者,揭示了人文学者信息需求的不确定性和信息行为的复杂性,并提供了一种基于过程研究的全面理解人文学者复杂信息行为的方法,扩展了信息行为的相关研究,也为理解数字人文的发展趋势提供了新的思路。图4。表5。参考文献56。
英文摘要:
The fast development of digital humanities in China and abroad significantly affects the research paradigms of the humanities. While considerate efforts have been made to understand how information technologies can be integrated in research in the humanities, little attention has been paid to the main participants and users of digital humanities, that is, humanities scholars. By focusing on humanities scholars, this paper answers the research questions of how they can participate in digital humanities and under what conditions they accept digital humanities as a new research paradigm.

To answer these questions, we conducted multiple case studies. We collected longitudinal data with semi structured interviews with and observations on eleven typical humanities scholars who have participated in digital humanities projects with excellent academic performance. We analyzed these data and secondary data with inductive coding and process analysis techniques. With three stage grounded coding, we inductively summarized 18 categories linked together to explain humanities scholars participation in digital humanities. With temporal bracketing and visual mapping, we analyzed the underlying mechanism of their participation. 

We find that humanities scholars have both active and passive motivation to participate in digital humanities; their motivation co exists during their participation and can transforms from one to the other. Further, their participation in digital humanities is a three stage process, namely, knowing stage, understanding stage, and adopting stage. At each stage, humanities scholars have shown different information needs and ways of participation, which lead to three typical paths of participation, namely trial participation with opportunistic motivation, adaptive participation with active motivation, and stimulated participation motivated by social networks. Each of these paths can be decomposed into different stages and conditions. Humanities scholars choose their paths according to different facilitating conditions, as well as individual features. These features include their motivation, information needs and ways of participation at each stage.

With all findings, we develop a theory on humanities scholars participation in digital humanities, suggesting the necessity of regarding humanities scholars participation in digital humanities as a complex process, rather than an action, because of the uncertain information needs and complex information behavior of humanities scholars in such participation.

Our paper makes contributions to library and information science in two ways. Firstly, we provide empirical data and a theory to understand a rarely mentioned type of information behavior, that is, information behavior in a context of upgrading information technology and caused by uncertain information needs, complementing to previous studies that mainly focus on information behavior with certain information needs or specific information technologies. Meanwhile, we further suggest a process view on such information behavior and offer the three stage process model to understand and analyze the behavior. Secondly, we introduce process research into library and information science. Process research provides theories and methodologies to unfold processes and mechanisms, which inspire and enable other scholars in our field to conduct research on such topics. 

With a special focus on humanities scholars that are the main participants in digital humanities, but are neglected in previous research, our research also provides insights into digital humanities. Our research suggests that changing the epistemology of humanities scholars is the key for digital humanities to significantly affecting the humanities community. Data, technology, and collaboration are important factors facilitating such changes. However, considering the participation of humanities scholars as a process, we also suggest engaging humanities scholars by understanding their motivation as well as information needs and information behavior at each stage of the participation process. By so doing, humanities scholars can make better use of information technologies in their research. 4 figs. 5 tabs. 56refs.

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