文章摘要

侯西龙,谈国新,庄文杰,唐铭.基于关联数据的非物质文化遗产知识管理研究[J].中国图书馆学报,2019,45(2):88~108
基于关联数据的非物质文化遗产知识管理研究
Research on Knowledge Management of Intangible Cultural Heritage Based on Linked Data
投稿时间:2018-12-07  修订日期:2019-01-19
DOI:
中文关键词: 非物质文化遗产  关联数据  本体  知识管理  知识组织
英文关键词: Intangible cultural heritage  Linked Data  Ontology  Knowledge management  Knowledge organization
基金项目:本文系国家社会科学基金青年项目“少数民族非物质文化遗产数字化保护现状与对策研究”(编号:15CMZ022)和教育部人文社会科学重点研究基地重大项目“非遗数字化保护与传播研究”(编号:16JJD860009)的研究成果之一
作者单位E-mail
侯西龙 武汉大学信息资源研究中心 湖北 武汉 430072  
谈国新 华中师范大学国家文化产业研究中心 湖北 武汉 430079 gxtan@mail.ccnu.edu.cn,gxtan@mail.ccnu.edu.cn 
庄文杰 华中师范大学国家文化产业研究中心 湖北 武汉 430079  
唐铭 华中师范大学国家文化产业研究中心 湖北 武汉 430079  
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中文摘要:
      非物质文化遗产领域蕴含着丰富的知识,是中华传统文化的重要组成部分,对非遗知识的有效组织与管理,是非遗文化保护、传播与传承的前提和基础。本体与关联数据技术为非遗知识的组织与管理提供了新的方法和实现路径。本文首先分析梳理了非遗领域知识的要素与语义关系,设计构建了非遗知识本体模型,以规范和揭示非遗领域知识的概念、属性和关联关系;其次,基于关联数据技术,研究非遗知识组织与关联数据集构建的过程,包括实体RDF化、实体关联、关联数据存储与发布等关键步骤;最后以湖北省非遗项目为例,构建了非遗知识关联数据集与知识服务平台。关联数据技术在非遗知识组织与管理领域的应用,能够促进非遗知识管理的规范化和标准化,对我国非遗文化的保护与传承具有重要的意义。图13。表4。参考文献25。
英文摘要:
Intangible cultural heritage (ICH) is an important part of the excellent traditional culture of all ethnic groups and highlights the regional characteristics and wisdom of the people. ICH has various forms of expression, covers a wide range of fields and contains a wealth of knowledge. The effective organization and management of ICH knowledge is the necessary requirement for the cultural protection and knowledge dissemination in the knowledge age. However, the knowledge elements of ICH lack rich semantic information. As a result, the relationship between knowledge elements cannot be fully expressed and revealed, and the knowledge of ICH is isolated and lost. The development of semantic web and Linked Data technology provides new ideas and methods for the organization and sharing of ICH knowledge, and changes the way of knowledge representation and expression of ICH.
Based on this background, in order to solve those problems, this paper proposes a method system for the knowledge organization and construction of datasets based on Linked Data, which includes the core process from design of ontology model to the construction, storage and publishing of Linked Data. Firstly, this paper sorts out the knowledge elements
of ICH and the relationship between them, then constructs the ontology model of ICH knowledge to reveal the abundant knowledge and the internal relations among them. Secondly, this paper studies the process of knowledge organization and the construction of Linked Data, including turning entity into RDF, making links between entities, storing and publishing of Linked Data. DBpedia and GeoNames were connected with the internal dataset of ICH to establish a linked open dataset with rich semantic relations and knowledge interconnection and sharing, so as to promote knowledge connection and knowledge discovery in the domain of ICH. Finally, taking the ICH in Hubei province as an example, the Linked Data and knowledge service platform of ICH knowledge were constructed to provide innovative knowledge services such as knowledge browsing and knowledge visualization.
The idea and technology of ontology and Linked Data have great advantages in the field knowledge organization of ICH. By using Linked Data technology to build the linked open dataset of ICH knowledge in China and linked with the international linked open data, the connection, sharing, openness and influence of ICH knowledge can be improved. This paper only sorted out the basic knowledge elements such as the items, inheritors and the inheritance relationship, while the granularity of knowledge organization still needs to be further refined. The ontology model of ICH also needs to be further expanded and enriched. The application of Linked Data in knowledge organization and knowledge management of ICH can promote the standardization and normalization of knowledge management of ICH. The construction of high quality Linked Data and knowledge service platforms can provide data for scientific research of ICH, while at the same time making the knowledge of ICH more valuable. In the context of digital humanities research, this research has certain reference value for the knowledge management and the protection and dissemination of ICH in China. 13 figs. 4 tabs. 25 refs.
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