文章摘要

叶鹰.图书情报学的学术思想与技术方法及其开新[J].中国图书馆学报,2019,45(2):15~25
图书情报学的学术思想与技术方法及其开新
An Essay on the Academic Thoughts and Technical Methods with Their Renewing in Library and Information Science
投稿时间:2019-01-28  
DOI:
中文关键词: 图书情报学  书理学  学术思想  技术方法  二重证据法
英文关键词: Library and Information Science  Bookics  Academic thoughts  Technical methods  Double verification
基金项目:
作者单位
叶鹰 南京大学信息管理学院教授博士生导师 江苏南京 210023 
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中文摘要:
      本文对图书情报学已有学术思想与技术方法按外引和内生两类进行梳理,指出“三个世界”理论、“老三论”等是外引思想与方法的典型,而阮冈纳赞图书馆学五定律、布鲁克斯情报学理论、加菲尔德引文分析法则是内生思想与方法的标志。定基极小设定极大展开基本原理,逻辑推论以书—人—用为形式架构、数据—信息—知识为内容架构的图书情报学思想体系,进而提出数据治理、信息优化、知识解析三大研究方向中的十类研究问题,包括:①数字图书馆和数字信息管理;②数字化知识传承和数据驱动学术研究;③关联数据与数据智能;④大数据分析与AI数据分析;⑤网络化信息组织;⑥多维信息检索;⑦智能信息分析;⑧知识表达及处理;⑨知识分析及可视化;⑩学术评价。文章概略揭示对图书情报学研究有启示作用的学术思想与技术方法及其开新。图1。参考文献39。
英文摘要:
For clarifying the academic thoughts and technical methods in Library and Information Science (LIS), by using classification of outside introduction and inside generation, the author points out that the “world 3” theory and the “system theory, cybernetics and information theory” are typical thoughts and methods from outside LIS and that Ranganathan's five laws of Library Science, Brookes theory for Information Science and Garfield's citation analysis characterize the thoughts and methods from inside LIS. Based on the basic principle of minimum supposition and maximum extension, it is deduced to generate formal construction via book man use and content construction via data information knowledge, and then derived to propose three directions as data governance, information optimization and knowledge analytics, on which ten research topics are suggested, including 1)digital library and digital information management, 2)digitalized inheritance of knowledge and data driven academic research, 3)linked data and data intelligence, 4)big data analytics and AI data analytics, 5)network information organization, 6)multidimensional information retrieval, 7)intelligent information analysis, 8)knowledge representation and processing, 9)knowledge analytics and visualization, 10)academic evaluation. With considering both philosophically and scientifically, the author reveals that there is a feasible approach to renew the academic thoughts and technical methods in Library and Information Science, which may enlighten LIS research. 1 fig. 39 refs.
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