文章摘要

彭敏惠.中国图书馆事业的缄默守护者——韦棣华女士遗嘱解析[J].中国图书馆学报,2018,44(6):120~131
中国图书馆事业的缄默守护者——韦棣华女士遗嘱解析
The Silent Guardian of Chinese Librarianship: Analysis on Miss Mary Elizabeth Wood's Will
投稿时间:2018-09-20  修订日期:2018-10-07
DOI:
中文关键词: 韦棣华遗嘱  文华公书林  文华图专  公共图书馆精神  图书馆员职业价值
英文关键词: Mary Elizabeth Wood's will  Boone Library  Boone Library School  Spirit of public library  Value of library profession
基金项目:本文系国家社会科学基金青年项目“民国时期图书馆学教育与业界的互动研究”(编号:14CTQ001)的研究成果之一
作者单位E-mail
彭敏惠 武汉大学信息管理学院副教授硕士生导师 湖北 武汉 430072 pengmh@whu.edu.cn,pengmh@whu.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      韦棣华是文华公书林和文华图专的缔造者,其遗嘱作为中国图书馆学史上的重要史料,尚有待充分揭示和探讨。本文在对韦棣华遗嘱内容揭示和文本考证的基础上,结合多方面的史料,对韦棣华遗嘱中的主要诉求进行了深入剖析。韦棣华遗嘱的核心思想在于两方面:拒绝让华中大学掌控文华公书林;坚持文华图专的独立发展。前者是由于文华公书林身负公共图书馆使命,但华中大学欲将文华公书林作为其专属的图书馆,同时这也危及文华图专的独立办学;后者是由于文华图专地位特殊,华中大学既欲对其实现全面管辖,又对文华图专的发展加以限制。韦棣华遗嘱的执行不但捍卫了公共图书馆精神,扫除了文华图专发展的部分障碍,也使韦棣华成为图书馆员职业价值观的引领者。表2。参考文献27。
英文摘要:
Miss Mary Elizabeth Wood was the founder of Boone Library and Boone Library School. Her will is one of the most important documents in the history of Library Science in China, which is yet to be uncovered and discussed adequately. 
This article provides the translation of the full text of the will which has not been revealed to the public yet, including four terms with respect to the Boone Library and Boone Library School, the Mary Elizabeth Wood Foundation, the Woodfern Cottage and certain other funds. According to the textual research of the source of the will, the people involved and the historical background, this document has been proved to be credible. 
Based on the relevant historical materials collected from multiple sources, this paper makes a thorough analysis of the main demands of the will. The core concerns of Miss Wood's will focused on two points: 1) Boone Library would not be controlled by Central China College, and 2) the Boone Library School would develop independently. In her will, Miss Wood emphasized repeatedly the nature of Boone Library of serving the public and stipulated that Boone Library would remain an independent public library instead of reverting to a college library. The reason for this was that Central China College claimed that Boone Library should become under exclusive use of Central China College, and Central China College further exerted the force of public opinion on Boone Library, attempting to fulfill its purpose. Such action not only threatened the fundamental nature of Boone Library as a public library but also caused negative effects on the Boone Library School's independency on account of the close connection between the Library and the School, which aroused Miss Wood's strong opposition. The reason for the second point was the special status of the Boone Library School, and Central China College intended to not only fully control it but also restrict its development. The Boone Library School was originally a branch of the Central China College, while it continued to operate during the period when Central China College was closed. In 1929, the Boone Library School was registered separately with the Ministry of Education. Despite of that, the Boone Library School and Central China College still had an intention to amalgamate after the reopen of Central China College. However, substantial divergence of opinions arose when both parties discussed the outstanding issues caused by the suspension of the College and the future development plan of the Boone Library School. Especially, the intention of the Boone Library School to award degrees to graduates in 1930 and to open Intermediate Course of Library Science was not accepted by Central China College. Some teachers and students of the College showed rejection and even discrimination against the students of the School. Although the board of directors of the Boone Library School had decided to operate independently, the School remained unstable, and Central China College still had the intention to merge the Boone Library School.
It was by this unpublished will that Miss Wood expressed her strong wills to those in need to know, and her will was executed to a certain extent in a certain period of time. On one hand, it helped Boone Library remain a public library and continue to serve more people, and protected the public library spirit developing in the Chinese society. On the other hand, it helped the Boone Library School get rid of the constraints from Central China College and stay away from the power struggle of various churches which controlled the College, and also solidified the economic foundation of the School for future development. This will, reflecting Miss Wood's character and morals, had become a guardian of the achievements of her pursuit of ideal, hard work and dedication of her entire life. It had made the world to see the strength of librarians, and led the professional value orientation of contributing to the society for librarians. 2 tabs. 27 refs.
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