文章摘要

周晓英,张璐.图书情报学院健康信息学教育发展与教学改革研究[J].中国图书馆学报,2018,44(6):105~119
图书情报学院健康信息学教育发展与教学改革研究
Education Development and Teaching Reform of Health Informatics for Library and Information Science Schools
投稿时间:2018-07-29  修订日期:2018-08-27
DOI:
中文关键词: 信息学教育  健康信息学  健康图书馆学  教学改革  LIS学院  北美
英文关键词: Education of informatics  Health informatics  Health librarianship  Teaching reform  LIS schools  North America
基金项目:本文系国家自然科学基金项目“医疗健康网站信息可信度与质量控制研究”(编号:71473260)和国家社会科学基金重点项目“健康中国建设中的国民健康促进和健康服务策略研究”(编号:16AZD021)的研究成果之一
作者单位E-mail
周晓英 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院教授博士生导师 北京 100872 ruc@qq.com,xyz-ruc@qq.com 
张璐 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院博士研究生 北京 100872  
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中文摘要:
      健康服务体系发展需要健康信息的支持,而健康信息人才是当前我国健康服务发展的短板。图书情报学应顺应国家战略发展需要、社会需求、学科交叉融合发展需求以及信息环境的变化,培养社会需要的健康信息人才。本文采用网络调研和内容分析方法,对北美12所LIS学院的健康信息学的教育模式、师资背景、课程设置、学生就业等数据进行深入分析,发现北美LIS学院健康信息学教育比较受关注,一些院校已基本形成较为完善的教育体系。针对我国健康信息学/医学信息学教育现状和健康信息人才需求发展的宏观环境,从设立健康信息学专业或培养方向、有机整合多学科和机构资源、明确人才培养目标和倡导课程体系标准化、充分发挥图书馆学情报学优势等方面入手,提出我国综合性高校LIS学院开展健康信息学人才培养及教育改革的路径。表9。参考文献41。
英文摘要:
The reform and development of health service mode require the support of health information. However, the lack of health information talents is the weakness of the current health service system in China. LIS schools should adapt to national strategies, social demands, cross disciplinary development and changes in information environment to balance the request and take the effort to cultivate professional talents.
This paper selects twelve LIS schools in North America as research objects. For one thing, the study digs deeply into the research data of twelve universities, including education type of health informatics, background of the faculty, status of related curriculum and employment of graduates by employing network research and content analysis. For another, this paper analyzes the current situation of medical informatics education, the macro environment for health information talents demand condition in China and the characteristics of international health informatics education requirements by the method of literature investigation.
The results show that some universities in North America have developed systematic and normative education of health informatics, and the education mode can be divided into four types. Mode one is supported by specific training projects or research institutions and has established definite majors in health informatics. Mode two is supported by special programs or research institutions but has not established definite majors. In general, Mode three shows that health information is one of their research areas in other relative majors rather than health informatics. Mode four just has a few courses related to health information. Faculties and curriculum in twelve universities indicate that multiple departments undertake the responsibility of health informatics education besides LIS schools, including School of Medicine,Public Health,and so on. Health information talents have a high level of social demand and acceptance nowadays. Consequently, health informatics graduates may work in a wide range of professions and roles. By contrast, medical colleges or institutes of medical information mainly accomplish the health information talents training relying on “medical informatics” and “medical information management” education with different professional directions in China. Furthermore, many problems of training objects, curriculum, education scale and characteristics of discipline integration exist in present education. Strictly speaking, the health informatics education in LIS schools in comprehensive universities is still deficient.
This paper puts forward some suggestions for the development and reform of health informatics education in LIS schools in China,for instance,establishing major or concentration area in health informatics,integrating multidisciplinary and institutions resource,setting definite goals of talents training and normative curriculum system according to international standards and taking full advantage of information science. Only twelve LIS schools in North America have been selected for research in this paper. It is necessary to expand the scope of the quantity of the data to make sure sufficient demonstration. In China, there are several teachers who are engaged in the research of health information, and some courses on health information behavior are held in the LIS schools,and now health information is getting more and more attention. The problems and development of health information education in China need further analysis.9 tabs. 41 refs.
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