文章摘要

傅才武,岳楠.公共文化服务体系建设中财政增量投入的约束条件——以县级公共图书馆为中心的考察[J].中国图书馆学报,2018,44(4):19~39
公共文化服务体系建设中财政增量投入的约束条件——以县级公共图书馆为中心的考察
Restrictions on Incremental Financial Investment in the Construction of Modern Public Cultural Service System: Based on Investigations of County Public Libraries
投稿时间:2018-04-15  
DOI:
中文关键词: 图书馆  公共文化服务体系  文化管理体制  绩效评价  政策设计
英文关键词: Library  Public cultural service system  Cultural management system  Performance evaluation  Policy design
基金项目:本文系国家社会科学基金艺术学重大项目“公共文化服务体系建设和运行中的财政保障标准与保障方式研究”(编号:13ZD04)的研究成果之一
作者单位E-mail
傅才武 武汉大学国家文化发展研究院 湖北 武汉 430072  
岳楠 武汉大学中国传统文化研究中心助理研究员 湖北 武汉 430072 yuenan123@sina.cn 
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中文摘要:
      近十年来,东、中、西部和东北地区的经济社会发展差异带来了文化发展大环境的改变,也带来了图书馆行业绩效水平的变化。观察和分析发现,一方面,全国县级公共图书馆整体上滑入“L型”绩效模式;另一方面,不同区域的县级图书馆的绩效水平呈现出明显差异。基于东、中、西部和东北地区不同的经济社会发展环境,由财政补贴、从业人员、人口基数和GDP等变量所构成的不同组合方式,会导致不同的公共资源绩效水平。计划体制下形成的格式化管理模式出现了不同程度的失效,数十年来一直行之有效的“通过增加公共投入带动业务增长”,即“增人加钱”式的传统管理模式正逐渐失去效率。深化文化领域供给侧结构改革而不是机制性创新或者技术性改良,已成为优化行业管理、提升单位绩效的根本性政策路径。图5。表6。参考文献25。
英文摘要:

    The establishment of the goal of building a national public cultural service system in 2015 has set up a clear goal that the state public financial investment should maintain a steady growth. However, through continuous observation of public libraries in county level, it was found that the traditional management mode of “increase output by increasing public investment” is losing its strength due to the dual constraints of growing institutional costs and the transformation of residents cultural consumption patterns. On the whole, the cultural industry has entered an overlapping period of “soft contraction” and structural transformation. The rising disparity between eastern, central, western China and northeastern China in the 21st century combined with different variables such as financial subsidies, employees, population base and GDP affects the performance of public resources in county libraries, leading to ineffectiveness of the format management mode formed under the planning system to varying degrees and “L type” performance mode in county level public library. To raise the performance of grass roots public cultural institutions, it is no longer merely a technical issue of “increasing staff and adding money”, but mainly the issue of deepening the reform of the structural management in the industrial system. At the macro level, it is necessary to go beyond the traditional policy ideas of largely increasing public input to motivate business development and performance improvement, and establish the policy design principles on the premise of “increasing public investment” and “innovation management system”. At the middle level, the grass roots units of culture should explore the establishment of independent status, improve the corporate governance structure, and transform from “input driven mode” to “management innovation driven mode”. At the practical level, the government should further improve the system of purchasing public cultural services by social forces, explore the establishment of a voting mechanism for residents consumption of public cultural products, and enlarge the leverage function of the incentive policy which guides the consumer side to supply side reform. 5 figs. 6 tabs. 25 refs.

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