文章摘要

崔明,潘雪莲,华薇娜.我国图书情报领域的软件使用和引用研究[J].中国图书馆学报,2018,44(3):66~78
我国图书情报领域的软件使用和引用研究
Software Usage and Citation in the Field of Library and Information Science in China
投稿时间:2017-11-08  修订日期:2017-12-22
DOI:
中文关键词: 软件使用  软件引用  引用分析  学术规范  学术评价
英文关键词: Software usage  Software citation  
基金项目:本文系国家自然科学基金青年项目“基于全文本数据的软件实体抽取与学术影响力研究”(编号:71704077)的研究成果之一。(This article is an outcome of the youth project “Software Entity Extraction and Impact Assessment Using Full-text Scientific Publications”(No.71704077) supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China.)
作者单位E-mail
崔明 南京大学信息管理学院 江苏 南京 210023  
潘雪莲 南京大学信息管理学院 江苏 南京 210023 xuelianpan@nju.edu.cn,xuelianpan@nju.edu.cn 
华薇娜 南京大学信息管理学院 江苏 南京 210023  
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中文摘要:
      软件在科学研究中不可或缺,但其学术价值一直被低估甚至被忽略。本研究以9种CSSCI图书情报学来源刊在2007—2016十年间所刊载的9 224篇学术性论文为样本,采用内容分析法对这些论文中的软件使用与引用情况进行统计分析。结果表明:期刊中使用软件的论文比例呈逐年上升趋势,图书情报学研究对软件的依赖程度愈发显著;图书情报学领域软件引用缺失严重,软件引用行为有待规范;国产软件在我国图书情报学研究中发挥作用有限,国内软件研发投入有待提高。图2。表7。参考文献43。
英文摘要:

    Software is essential to scientific research. However, its academic value has always been underestimated or even neglected, and the contribution of its developers has not been widely recognized. Although some scholars at home and abroad began to realize the importance of software recently, it still calls for a better understanding of the value of software and more attention to the usage and citation of software. Content analysis is employed to analyze the usage and citation of software in the journal articles in the field of Library and Information Science (LIS) in China to reveal the importance and the situation of software citation in domestic LIS research.
Firstly, we select 9 224 articles published between 2007 and 2016 in nine LIS journals indexed in CSSCI, a famous core journal database in humanities and social sciences in China. Secondly, we create content analysis categories and quantization forms for coding. And then, seven trained coders label these 9 224 articles according to the categories and quantization forms. Finally, we analyze the labeled data and draw conclusions. The findings are as follows: 1) The proportion of articles using software is rising yearly between 2007 and 2016, meaning the LIS research has been increasingly dependent on scientific software. Information Science is relatively more dependent on software: the proportion of articles using software is more than 20% in Information Science in 2016, while the proportion of articles using software is nearly 10% in Library Science.2)The uncitedness of software in domestic LIS research is noticeable, and standardization of software citation behavior requires improvement. The average software citation ratio in nine journals is only 0.16 and has no rising tendency between 2007 and 2016. The researchers tend to cite the URL of software with the ratio up to 5292%. Furthermore, non commercial software gains more citation than commercial software and there is a significant difference between the two. 3) The researchers mention the basic description of software randomly. In the 1 901 times of software usage, we find that less than 30% mention version information, only 6.26% and 8.10% mention creator and website information, and more than 60% have no any mentions of the above software information. 4) The usage frequency and types of domestic software are much less than that of foreign software. Among the 118 pieces of software with the usage frequency greater than or equal to two, 95 pieces (81%) are foreign software, while 23 pieces are domestic software (one of which is from Taiwan province). It suggests that more investment in software research and development (R,D) is needed. 

    This research demonstrates the importance of software based on the detailed and reliable data. It provides decision making support for relevant departments, assisting in incorporation of software into research evaluation, helping to establish a more open and inclusive evaluation system, and then to improve scientific research efficiency as well as to optimize the allocation of resources. It also helps to reveal the extent of dependence on software in domestic LIS research, to have a better understanding of the discipline characteristics of LIS. The research evaluates the software citation practice in domestic LIS scientifically, promoting the standardization of software citation. 2 figs. 7 tabs. 43 refs.

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