文章摘要

闫慧.“雪中送炭”还是“锦上添花”——社会网络对消减数字化贫困的价值探究[J].中国图书馆学报,2018,44(2):17~26
“雪中送炭”还是“锦上添花”——社会网络对消减数字化贫困的价值探究
Fuel in the Snowy Weather or Icing on the Cake? Exploration of Social Network's Value in Alleviation of Digital Poverty
投稿时间:2017-12-05  
DOI:
中文关键词: 数字化贫困  社会网络  社群信息学
英文关键词: Digital poverty  Social network  Community informatics
基金项目:本文系中国人民大学科学研究基金(中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金资助)项目“社群信息学视角的数字化扶贫社会实验研究”(编号:17XNB015)的研究成果之一
作者单位E-mail
闫慧 中国人民大学信息资源管理学院 北京 100872 hyanpku@ruc.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      本文研究问题包括:多种数字化贫困现象如何在现实社会个体身上组合起来,社会网络对哪些数字化贫困者来说是雪中送炭,对哪些数字化贫困者来说是锦上添花。论文深入挖掘中国六个省市乡村田野研究搜集的117位数字化贫困者和47位非数字化贫困者的个案数据,客观评估其数字化贫困特征值,精确描述所涉个案的数字化贫困程度及类型;发现强关系和弱关系与现实中不同数字化贫困类型叠加后的个体的数字化求助行为之间的关联。研究发现:社会网络对消减数字化赤贫者的数字化贫困程度没有明显影响;个体数字化贫困类型叠加越多,他们获得社会网络的有效支持程度越小;个体数字化贫困类型叠加越少,他们获得社会网络有效支持的可能性就越大;强关系对脆弱的数字化贫困者、数字文盲、懒惰的数字化贫困者、孤独的数字化贫困者和徒劳无益者有价值;弱关系则仅对孤独的数字化贫困者有价值。图1。表3。参考文献20。


英文摘要:

    The research questions to be answered in this paper include: How do different types of digital poverty combine in real social individuals? What kind of concrete function forms does the social network have for reducing the different levels of digital poverty in the practice? For whom among the digital poor is the social network as fuel in the snowy weather? And for whom is the social network as icing on the cake?
By employing content analysis, the paper digs deeply into the case data of one hundred and seventeen digital poor individuals and forty seven non digital poor persons collected from rural field research in six provinces and municipalities in China. I assess their eight values of digital poverty, including digital material entities, digital services, digital psychology, digital capabilities, digital efforts, digital social support, digital social norms and digital social impacts, and describe the degrees and types of digital poverty in the cases involved. It is also purposive to find out the relationship between different types of social networks, especially strong ties and weak ties, and digital help seeking behaviors of individuals with different digital poverty types in reality.
The study argues that social networks have no significant effect on reducing the digital poverty degree of the digitally extremely poor. The greater the degree of compounding of digitalized poverty faced by individuals, that is, the more types of digitalized poverty are superimposed on individuals, the less effective support they get from social networks. The smaller the degree of digital composite poverty faced by individuals, that is, the less the digital poverty types overlap, the more likely they are to obtain effective social network support. Digital poor individuals with superimposition of poor conditions in digital psychology (i.e. the vulnerable poor ) and digital capabilities (i.e. the digital illiterate), who are not materially poor, have significant reliance on strong tie in social network in the process of poverty eradication. Digital poor individuals based on insufficient digital social support, single or dual in poverty, have a certain degree of dependence on strong and weak ties. It is difficult for the double digital poor on the basis of inadequate digital social support and social norms to win the support of strong or weak ties. Strong ties have had a significant impact on the process of eradicating poverty among those who are at least vain seekers. Weak ties play a significant role only in digital poverty alleviation among the socially lonely, and no effect on other types of digital poverty. 1 fig. 3 tabs. 20 refs.

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