文章摘要

夏立新,白阳,张心怡.融合与重构:智慧图书馆发展新形态[J].中国图书馆学报,2018,44(1):35~49
融合与重构:智慧图书馆发展新形态
Integration and Reconstruction: A New Development Pattern of Smart Library
投稿时间:2017-10-31  
DOI:
中文关键词: 智慧图书馆  智慧服务  空间感知  知识网络  智慧环境
英文关键词: Smart library  Smart service  Space perception  Knowledge network  Smart environments
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
夏立新 华中师范大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430079 xialx@mail.ccnu.edu.cn,xialx@mail.ccnu.edu.cn 
白阳 华中师范大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430079  
张心怡 华中师范大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430079  
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中文摘要:
      智慧图书馆是当下图书馆发展的新趋势,也是一种重要的图书馆发展理念。目前,智慧图书馆的研究与实践多是在“技术至上”的原则下展开,尚未从根源上去探讨什么是图书馆“智慧”以及人在知识获取中需要怎样的智慧支持等问题。历代图书馆在服务重心变迁中呈现出以知识与技术为推动力、不断根据用户需求变化而变革的核心理念,本研究在分析人在智慧活动中的本质规律及其对图书馆的核心需求后,提出融合“资源”“人”“空间”三大核心要素,构建智慧环境以支持用户智慧活动的智慧图书馆建设理念及服务模式。智慧图书馆未来发展应在构建个体智慧图书馆环境的基础上,进一步向“大图书馆”智慧共同体努力。图3。参考文献42。
英文摘要:
Smart library is an important concept of the library development, but the current research and practice of the smart library is mainly carried out under the principle of “technology first”. The construction of smart library focusing on technology can only be called an intelligent library, yet cannot meet the requirements of being smart. It still needs to construct a long term reference of the “smart” development path in theory. Thus, this study attempts to start with the essence of smart demonstrated in human knowledge activities and integrate the smart content into the integration and reconstruction of various elements of libraries.
The internal rule of the library influences the changes of traditional libraries, and it will affect the construction and development of the smart library. Accordingly, based on literature review of the development of library history, this paper summarizes that the service of library has changed from centering on the “books” to the “users”, and from “users” to the “space”. The center of library service cannot be separated from the core of the long lasting idea that: library development is based on the knowledge itself, and it could not be separated from the force of technology, the change of social environment and users needs. Under this concept, smart libraries need to be clear about the intelligence requirements of users in the knowledge activities, and should integrate and reorganize the various elements of library in order to provide an efficient smart environment of knowledge acquisition, interaction and innovation. Especially in the current society, it is important to meet the needs of users for fine grained knowledge organization and open learning space smart environment needs.

Based on the idea of the smart library proposed above, this paper reorganizes the construction scheme around three core library elements: “resources”, “users” and “space”. First, the module of spatial awareness and construction aims at building a “spatial intelligence”, which could provide the users with spatial environments of knowledge communication and innovation. Meanwhile, the “knowledge smart” is provided by building a knowledge network centered on the semantic organization of resources, which could help the users alleviate the burden in obtaining and understanding knowledge from the massive fragmented information. Finally, the scheme carries out intelligent services relied on the first two parts of the “smart environment”. In addition, the users exploit the smart services to generate various records. These records could form new and valuable knowledge into the library services, which could expand the boundary of the smart service of the library.
The discussions about smart library cannot be confined to the development of individual libraries, but also be extended to the entire library and knowledge service industry. It should make efforts to build a smart community of the “big library” which can make use of collective library wisdom. All in all, this research starts from the essence of smart to explore the building form of the smart library. It has a certain reference for re positioning and rethinking the core concept of smart library, and guiding the construction and development of the smart library. 3 figs. 42 refs.
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