文章摘要

张晓林.颠覆性变革与后图书馆时代——推动知识服务的供给侧结构性改革[J].中国图书馆学报,2018,44(1):4~16
颠覆性变革与后图书馆时代——推动知识服务的供给侧结构性改革
Disruptive Changes and the Post Library Era: Toward Supply side Structure Reform of Knowledge Services
投稿时间:2017-12-23  
DOI:
中文关键词: 颠覆性变革  图书馆  知识环境  知识计算  知识服务
英文关键词: Disruptive changes  Library  Knowledge environment  Knowledge computation  Knowledge services
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
张晓林 中国科学院文献情报中心 北京 100190 zhangxl@mail.las.ac.cn,zhangxl@mail.las.ac.cn 
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中文摘要:
      针对部分图书馆工作可能被自动化取代的预测,本研究分析了知识内容的数字化、数据化和计算化趋势,指出信息时代正在走向数据时代、数据时代同时在走向计算时代,要求重新审视图书馆服务,重新定义知识发现、知识表达、知识素养和知识服务,推动知识服务的供给侧结构性改革,从基于知识、利用知识的服务机制角度定义图书馆,从嵌入、融汇于用户工作流程的服务活动角度定位图书馆场景,从科学研究、技术创新、教学、生产、管理等知识密集型活动中吸取生命力和发挥作用。图2。参考文献77。
英文摘要:
Oxford report on Future of Employment predicts that 99% library technicians and 65% librarians will be replaced by automation. With fast developments of big data, cloud computing, and artificial intelligence, this prediction prompts serious re examination of the knowledge creation, organization, distribution, and utilization environment in which libraries exist. The paper analyses the trends towards digital, data centered, and computable knowledge, where almost all scholarly information is born digital, all knowledge objects in research and learning are digitally representable and
manipulatable, all media products can be organized as or resolved into granular and semantically linked knowledge objects, and all knowledge products binding with embedded tools can be treated and used as knowledge service platforms as described by the phrase Knowledge as a Service (KaaS). These trends will have tremendous impact on libraries when reading becomes computer assisted fast analysis and exploration of vast and cross disciplinary literature, user services focus more on discovering complex and usually hidden patterns and relations, knowledge services once represented by subject librarians now calls for being embedded into the life of user process and working together with users to turn data into intelligence and possible solutions, and information literacy requires being fluent in handling data, media, and computation. Though we still need more libraries and more books, the key challenge is to go beyond search and retrieval to proactively and
stimulatively help users in solving their real life problems utilizing the seemly unsurmountable sea of knowledge. Thus, we need a supply side structure reform of knowledge services, re contexts the library as a knowledge driven service mechanism inside and throughout the life of users, re configure and re prioritize our service portfolio towards user driven, data based, semantically and computationally enabled creation, organization, and analysis of knowledge with all genre and types, and making libraries an open knowledge lab and an innovation incubator. 2 figs. 77 refs.
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