文章摘要

张芳,李刚.北美中国研究图书馆员共同体的形成与维系[J].中国图书馆学报,2017,43(6):80~98
北美中国研究图书馆员共同体的形成与维系
Research on Chinese Studies Librarian Community in North America
投稿时间:2017-05-27  修订日期:2017-06-30
DOI:
中文关键词: 中国研究图书馆员  中国研究图书馆员学会  华人图书馆员  文化中国
英文关键词: Chinese studies librarians  the Society for Chinese studies librarians  Chinese American librarians  Cultural China
基金项目:本文系国家社会科学基金重点项目“文化中国:北美华人图书馆员共同体的身份认同研究(1927—2015)”(编号:15ATQ002)的研究成果之一
作者单位E-mail
张芳 南京大学信息管理学院,江苏 南京 210023  
李刚 南京大学信息管理学院,江苏 南京 210023 lamligang@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      北美中国研究图书馆员专业知识的积累和对中国文化的认同,形成了他们进行知识服务、学术研究与文化传播的核心竞争力。他们既在北美图书馆界提供中文文献资源服务,又在海外中国研究领域进行学术活动,对中国文化在海外的传承与发展起到了积极作用。北美中国研究图书馆员在职业身份、学术追求和文化背景等方面的共同认知,促生了中国研究图书馆员学会,这一专业组织的出现,标志着北美中国研究图书馆员共同体的正式形成。本文立足于海外中国研究和“文化中国”的学术背景,从共同体的形成和维系角度,对中国研究图书馆员及中国研究图书馆员学会进行了系统考察,希望在呈现北美中国研究图书馆员共同体发展历史与现状的同时,揭示出这一共同体对于中国图书馆服务转型和文化软实力提升的学术价值与现实意义。图3。表6。参考文献40。
英文摘要:

    After the Second World War, the Chinese collections and Chinese studies in North America developed rapidly. The development of Chinese studies in North America needs to be supported by a large number of Chinese collections, and the construction and development of Chinese collections actually relies on professional librarians with Chinese studies background. Professional knowledge and the recognition of Chinese culture have formed their core competence of Chinese studies librarians in North America, which could be of great help in knowledge services, academic research and cultural communication. The Chinese studies librarians have played a great role in the spread and development of Chinese culture abroad. On the one hand, they provide the communities with Chinese information resources and services in the library profession; On the other hand, they also undertake some research activities in the field of Chinese studies.

    The Chinese studies Librarians discussed in this paper are mainly Chinese librarians working in the East Asian libraries in North America and engaging in Chinese studies at the same time.In addition to the basic qualities and skills of the professional librarian in North America, the Chinese studies librarians also need to meet the following three requirements: 1) have academic background of Chinese related disciplines; 2) master at least two languages: Chinese & English; 3) engaged in Chinese teaching or research activities. The Chinese studies librarians highlight the academic abilities of librarians in Chinese studies, emphasize the relationship between librarians and academic research (especially Chinese studies) activities. This is the most important difference between Chinese studies librarians and Chinese collection librarians and Chinese librarians.
Their common understanding in ethnic background, professional identity, academic pursuit and other aspects, promoted the foundation of the Society for Chinese Studies Librarians in 2010, and the emergence of this professional organization, marked the formal formation of the Chinese studies librarian community in North America. On the one hand, identity, common goals and a sense of belonging, are the basic elements for the community to generate; On the other hand, their characteristics in terms of geographical distribution, institutional sources and knowledge structure are important safeguards for the maintenance of the community. Since its formation, Chinese studies librarian community has actively planned, organized and participated in various professional and academic activities, including holding annual conference, publishing academic journal—“Tian Lu Lun Cong”, and participating in international exchanges and cooperation, which build an effective practice model, and become an important guarantee for maintaining and developing the community.

    Based on the academic background of overseas Chinese studies and “cultural China”, this paper gives a systematic study of the Chinese studies librarians in North America and the Society for Chinese Studies Librarians from the perspective of the community formation and development, and explores the development history, membership, organization structure, professional practices, and academic activities. While presenting the history and status quo of Chinese studies librarian community in North America, this paper also reveals the academic value and practical significance of this community,such as the following: 1)scientific perspective on overseas Chinese librarian group study; 2) important role in the development of library science and librarianship in North America; 3) effective demonstration of role transition and service transformation of librarians;4) strategic significance in the context of “cultural China”. 3 figs. 6 tabs. 40 refs.

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