文章摘要

李桂华.深阅读:概念构建与路径探索[J].中国图书馆学报,2017,43(6):50~62
深阅读:概念构建与路径探索
Deep Reading: Concept Construct and Path Finding
投稿时间:2017-08-24  修订日期:2017-09-24
DOI:
中文关键词: 阅读推广  深阅读  阅读参与  阅读行为
英文关键词: Reading promotion  Deep reading  Reading engagement  Reading behavior
基金项目:本文系国家社会科学基金重点项目“全媒体环境下复合阅读行为及其阅读推广对策研究”(编号:16ATQ005)的研究成果之一
作者单位E-mail
李桂华 四川大学公共管理学院教授,博士生导师,四川 成都 610065 1147471336@qq.com 
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中文摘要:
      深阅读是多学科讨论的热点概念,当前社会面临“深阅读危机”,促进深阅读已成为全民阅读推广的核心任务,但至今未见对深阅读的明确界定和具体阐释。现有研究对深阅读的理解主要有三个维度:与信息获取相关,与感受相关,与交流相关;而“参与性”是深阅读的基本属性。鉴于深阅读既是主体的参与行为,又是外部环境的作用结果,本文根据“生成认知”理论将深阅读定义为:读者这一具有心智能力的有机体与适合其条件的阅读对象相遇,在适宜的情境下产生积极的行为动力,进而发展而来的高参与度的阅读行为。文章剖析了深阅读对读者和社会的当代意义,认为数字时代深阅读的意义在于其具有“复合”价值,而新文本、新读者、新环境召唤着新型深阅读,应以创造相遇、丰富体验、回归对话为导向开展阅读推广工作。图1。参考文献 53。
英文摘要:

    Today, the crisis of deep reading has been a pressing social problem, however, there has been no clear definition or explanation of deep reading so far. In order to pursue the coping strategies of the crisis, this paper tries to card the concept of deep reading and seek the essence and the intrinsic meaning of it in the context of new technology revolution.

    To achieve this goal, an explicit definition of deep reading is required and the core of such definition is to understand the “deep” in deep reading. Previous relevant researches can be divided into three dimensions on relevant views—the first dimension involves information acquisition, which has some key words like thinking, understanding and exploring; the second dimension is related to feelings, which contains key words as pleasure, emotion, immersion and involvement; the third one is connected with communication with key words as communication, conversation and interaction. These dimensions all have one consensus that readers of deep reading are not just passive receivers any more but more like active participants. Considering that the participation of readers regards behavioral involvement, cognitive involvement and emotional involvement, the “deep” in deep reading needs the interaction of those three involvements to realize.

    What can be the main cause of reading engagement if regarding profound involvement as a feature of deep reading? Because deep reading is both a participation action for readers and the interaction result of external environment and the reading object, it is hard to explain these two aspects comprehensively based on the common “binary opposition theory” of psychology-vs-physics or rationality-vs-sensibility. While, there is another path of understanding provided to us by the “enactive cognition” theory from cognitive science in late years. According to the holism thought of the theory, this paper defines deep reading as a highly involving behavior resulted from the active impetus generated by the encounter between readers, the organism with mental ability, and befitting reading materials under the right condition.

    What is the most valuable deep reading currently? To answer that, this paper analyzes the meanings of deep reading for readers and society in digital era, and points out that the contemporary significance of deep reading does not only have the value of promoting knowledge learning but also the value of combination between readers and content, which is the compound value of reading involving knowledge value, recreational value, aesthetic value and moral value.

    Could it be possible to find a way to bring people overwhelmed by information technology back to the joy of deep reading as the reading habits in digital era has changed completely? This paper discusses three potential strategies of resolving the crisis of deep reading. The first one is to create encounter opportunity between readers and befitting text, which means to capture readers interest of reading materials at first and then help readers seek the suitable text through more explicit “maps” or “signs”. The second is to provide an experience guidance which is to make readers immerse and enjoy the pleasure of deep reading by exploiting the abundant experience created by new technology. The last one is to bring readers back to conversational nature of reading, in another word, to reinforce the reading engagement of readers by new social technology, and guide the reading back to its “dialogue” essence. 1 fig. 53 refs.

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