文章摘要

刘炜,叶鹰.数字人文的技术体系与理论结构探讨[J].中国图书馆学报,2017,43(5):32~41
数字人文的技术体系与理论结构探讨
Exploring Technical System and Theoretical Structure of Digital Humanities
投稿时间:2017-05-15  
DOI:
中文关键词: 数字人文  数字化  数据科学  可视化  虚拟现实  增强现实
英文关键词: Digital humanities  Digitalization  Data Science  Visualization  Virtual reality  Augmented reality
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
刘炜 上海图书馆研 上海 200031  
叶鹰 南京大学信息管理学院 江苏 南京 210023 yye@nju.edu.cn,yye@nju.edu.cn 
摘要点击次数: 381
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中文摘要:
      数据驱动的研究范式正在人文学科中越来越多地被采用,其在方法论层面呈现出明显的跨学科性和跨界融合现象,被称为数字人文的方法共同体。该共同体由一整套数字人文的技术体系所支撑,正在影响形成中的数字人文的理论结构。数字人文的技术体系主要包括数字化技术、数据管理技术和数据分析技术、可视化技术、VR/AR技术、机器学习技术等,理论结构涉及结构化或再造人文、数据化或计算人文、可视化或形象人文、拟实化或增强人文、智慧化或扩展人文,应用覆盖资源富集、知识重构、场景重建、增强艺术等。目前,在宏观层面对数字人文整体方法论和理论结构的研究还不多见,这方面的深入探讨将有助于数字人文的整体性发展,并促进跨领域的研究,从而增进数字时代人文学科的繁荣和发展。图1。表2。参考文献22。
英文摘要:

    The data-driven research paradigm is being applied in the studies of humanities. This is forming the methodological community of digital humanities,with showing characteristic interdisciplinarity and interdisciplinary emergence. The methodological community is supported by the technical system of digital humanities,with affecting the theoretical structure of digital humanities. While the digital humanities develop quickly,the technical system and theoretical structure of digital humanities need to establish. For clarifying the issues,the authors suggested a framework to unify both technical and theoretical core.

    By reviewing published articles and present views,the authors concluded total characteristics of digital humanities. It is pointed out that the technical system of digital humanities include technologies of digitalization,data and data analysis,visualization,VR/AR,machine learning,and that the theoretical structure is concluded as re-constructing humanities,digitalizing humanities,imaging humanities,augmenting humanities and smart humanities,with applications covering resource collection,knowledge atomization,environment reconstruction and augmented arts.

    It is revealed that digital humanities has become an interdisciplinary field,with merging interdisciplinary knowledge in it. As there are few studies on the overall research for the technical system and theoretical structure of digital humanities,this approach could aid to probe into the integrated and interdisciplinary studies of digital humanities,with promoting development and flourish of humanities in digital age. 1 fig. 2 tabs. 22 refs.

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