文章摘要

李超平.图书馆学理论视野中的图书馆事业[J].中国图书馆学报,2017,43(5):21~31
图书馆学理论视野中的图书馆事业
Librarianship in Theoretical Perspective
投稿时间:2017-07-27  
DOI:
中文关键词: 图书馆事业  乡村图书馆  有偿服务  图书馆法  公共图书馆服务体系
英文关键词: Librarianship  Rural libraries  Paid services  Library law  Public library service system
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
李超平 浙江大学公共管理学院信息资源管理系 浙江 杭州 310058 mingzhiguwen@163.com,mingzhiguwen@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      在新中国图书馆事业60多年的发展历程中,《中国图书馆学报》作为一个理论平台,给予人们一个打量与论说图书馆事业的历史、现状与未来的阵地。本文选择几个特殊的时间节点,对新中国图书馆事业发展历程中几个有重大影响的事件与变革进行了回顾与分析。它们分别是:1957年一种评述图书馆事业的话语方式的确立、始于1959年的乡村图书馆建设、始于1975年的乡镇图书馆“以文养文”、始于1982年的图书馆立法研究、始于2006年的公共图书馆服务体系探索。通过上述回望,我们能观察到图书馆学理论与实践在相互依存中的共同发展。参考文献37。
英文摘要:

    As a platform of academic communication,the Journal of Library Science in China has provided us the chance of observing,researching and commentating the history,status quo and future of librarianship over the past 60 years development in the People's Republic of China. Several special years were chosen to review and analyze the important events and reforms in the development of Chinese librarianship. Unable to present a comprehensive picture as it is,this paper can at least draw a general timeline of development of librarianship.

    1) Due to the impact of political environment,a new discourse style used to commentating librarianship was formed in 1957. In the new discourse style,compliments were taken as the theme and problems were ignored,which definitely did not conform to academic standards. The discourse style was ended after 40 years and replaced by strategic research of the librarianship. 2) Originated in 1959,rural library construction was constrained by economic development and the self-solved mechanism of books purchasing funds came into being. The lack of continuous government funds resulted in its non-sustainable development. 3) The phenomenon of “paid services” arose. Because of lack of funds,libraries had to adopt the mechanism of paid services,which had been a widespread service mode of Chinese public libraries for quite a long time. After entry into the new century,our economic strength has increased greatly. The theoretical community made great efforts to intensify research and appeal of public service philosophies which finally prompted the government to increase library funds supply. 4) Originated from 1982,library law research started under the influence of international library laws. Rooted in Chinese library practice,the research produced some results which played an important role in the library law making. Meanwhile,the theoretical community made studies on other library legislative work and contributed to the making of laws and regulations of library operations. 5) Begun in 2006,the exploration of public library service system was directed to the long-standing unsolved problem-lack of sustainable management mechanism and low service capabilities in grass-root public libraries. By constructing public library service system,the problem was solved effectively through enhancement of funds and service capabilities. By the above retrospect,we can find the relation of interdependence between library theories and librarianship,in which the interaction was not positive in the beginning but gradually matured. 37 refs.

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