文章摘要

王世伟.信息文明与图书馆发展趋势研究[J].中国图书馆学报,2017,43(5):4~20
信息文明与图书馆发展趋势研究
Information Civilization and Library Development Trend
投稿时间:2017-07-06  
DOI:
中文关键词: 信息文明  信息社会  图书馆史  图书馆发展趋势  城市图书馆
英文关键词: Information civilization  Information society  Library history  Library development trend  City library
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
王世伟 上海社会科学院信息研究所 上海 200235 swwang@sass.org.cn,swwang@sass.org.cn 
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中文摘要:
      在纵向维度上将信息文明融入到图书馆发展的整体进程中进行审视,从信息文明的视角来对图书馆的发展加以认知并进行探讨,可以发现:信息革命所带来的信息文明引领了图书馆的新变革和新提升,创造了图书馆服务的新空间和新形态,拓展了图书馆服务的新领域和新载体,极大地提高了图书馆服务的效率和效能;追溯至前信息文明时期,文献载体变革、信息通信变革、图书馆作为藏书楼和信息仓库的功能,展示了古代信息的文明元素与图书馆发展的关系;信息文明的起源和发展,推动图书馆经历了图书馆自动化、数字图书馆、互联网(移动互联网)、人工智能等四波创新发展;信息文明的繁荣转型与构建城市图书馆新文明体密不可分,城市图书馆新文明体应体现和承载信息文明的万物互联之智、历史文明的文化积淀之传、城市文明的穿越时空之学、生态文明的绿色宜学之美、世界文明的交流互鉴之彩。表1。参考文献47。
英文摘要:

    The first part of this paper puts forward the proposition of information civilization and library development trend. From the point of view of the vertical history of human civilization,information civilization is a new form of civilization after agricultural civilization and industrial civilization. The information revolution has allowed the information civilization to lead a new change and new promotion of the library,create a new space and new form of library services,expand the field and carriers of library services,and greatly improve the effectiveness and efficiency of the library service.

    The second part is about the development of the previous information civilization and the library. Although information civilization is related to the post-industrial society,and the mid-twentieth century is believed as the beginning of information civilization after the industrial civilization,the civilization related to information carrier and the mode of information can be regarded as the pre-information civilization,and its development has run through the history of the development of human civilization. Such civilization elements of information including text information,document carriers and information dissemination in the initial stage of human civilization have been gradually formed,becoming the most important and the most basic elements of the origin of human civilization,imposing a significant impact on the development trend of the library. Therefore,while discussing the development trend of information civilization and libraries,this paper first traces the pre-information period of civilization,analyzes the relations between the civilization elements of ancient information and the development of the library,including the change of document carriers,the change of information communication,and the function of the library as a place to store books and as the information warehouse in the pre-information period of civilization,and then discusses the influence of document carriers,printing and etc. on the development of libraries.

    The third part of this paper focuses on the origin and development of information civilization and the continuous innovation of the library. It divides the innovation into four stages of development. The first is library automation;the second is digital library;the third is Internet(mobile Internet),and the fourth is the influence of artificial intelligence on the innovation and development of the library.

    The fourth part of this paper focuses on the prosperity and transformation of information civilization and the construction of new civilization in urban libraries. It probes into how to construct a new civilization of city libraries,including information civilization,historical civilization,urban civilization,ecological civilization and world civilization. In this comprehensive new civilization integrating five elements,the information civilization and history civilization mainly reflect the view of civilized time view;city civilization and the world civilization mainly reflect the civilized space concept;ecological civilization reflects the civilized development view. The information civilization will become the bridge and link for the new civilization,and the engine and life artery of the new civilization. This new vision of the Chinese city libraries will contribute to the Chinese cultural process in the era of information civilization,and provide Chinese wisdom and Chinese scheme for the innovation and development of the world city libraries. 1 tab. 47 refs.

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