文章摘要

陈传夫,陈一.图书馆转型及其风险前瞻[J].中国图书馆学报,2017,43(4):32~50
图书馆转型及其风险前瞻
Library Transformation and Potential Risks
投稿时间:2017-02-19  
DOI:
中文关键词: 图书馆  转型  风险
英文关键词: Library  Transformation  Risk
基金项目:本文系文化名家暨“四个一批”人才工程项目(中宣办发[2014]17号)“国家大数据治理机制及政策研究”的研究成果之一
作者单位E-mail
陈传夫 武汉大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430072 cfchen@whu.edu.cn,cfchen@whu.edu.cn 
陈一 武汉大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430072  
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中文摘要:
      社会信息环境的变化给图书馆发展带来了新机遇与新挑战,为了应对新环境,保持图书馆的传统价值,转型发展已经成为全球图书馆的共同趋势。在图书馆转型实践中广泛存在转型效率、成本、效益、文化等一系列不确定性,而这些不确定性被有意无意地忽略了。本文将图书馆转型风险归纳为投资、运营、技术、政策和价值五个方面。图书馆转型风险具有普遍性、可预知与可演化等特征,建议通过环境前瞻、优化治理、业务创新、制度建设等措施迁移与规避图书馆转型过程中的风险,以协同推动我国图书馆事业的创新与可持续发展。参考文献87。
英文摘要:

    Changes of social information environment have brought both new opportunities and challenges to the development of libraries. To deal with the new information environment and preserve the traditional value of libraries,transformation has been a common trend for libraries all over the world. Transformation risks mainly come from the uncertainties caused by the changes of the library organizational structure,service and management,and business process. The specific manifestations are as follows:low transformation efficiency causes resource wastage; high transformation cost makes it difficult for transformation practice to advance deeper; low transformation revenues lack continuous impetus; transformation culture is inconsistent with the traditional value of libraries. The author divides the transformation risks into five aspects:investment,operation,technology,policy and value. The study finds that the transformation risks have the characteristics of universality,foreseeability,and evolution. The main reason is that transformation risks of library are widespread in all kinds of library transformation practices at different stages. It is possible to grasp the operating law of such risk from a macroscopic perspective according to a large number of statistical data in a specific scope during a certain period of time,and different risk elements,which are correlated with each other in a dynamic way,have continued to evolve. The author warns these risks and suggests to control risks through environmental prospect. Before transformation,a library should first control environmental factors,master the trends of technological evolution and changes of the behavior of user information demand,and at the same time,the cultivation of librarians and talents should be adjusted and improved according to the environment. Libraries should optimize governance migration risks and absorb more social forces to participate in library governance and the common service system to form a new flat governance system. Business innovation reduces risks,simplifies the business process and improves working efficiency. It is required not only to reorganize business process based on the diversified information demands in the digital era but also to innovate the corresponding work methods and service contents. Proper systems should be built to avoid risks,and the legal status of libraries should be made clear,and the copyright and privacy issues should be carefully dealt with during the process of transformation. 87 refs.

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