The past decade in China was a period of obtaining a significant progress on the system of public cultural service. It was also a cross-stage from a level of the multiparty appealing for the Public Culture Service Security Legislation rising to a level of national will. Systematically summarizing the available theoretical achievement and practical experiences could effectively promote the process of the security legislation of public cultural service. The research was conducted on CNKI and PKU-law network platform,and up to the end of January,2017,242 articles in Chinese,20 pieces of judicial interpretations for the central regulations,and 236 pieces of local codes and regulations were collected. Historically speaking,the research of the security legislation of public cultural service in China was commenced relatively late. The first thesis with the subject of public cultural service system construction was published in 2006,which clearly put forward that the government should strengthen the policies on the construction of public cultural service and the right protection. However,after the sixth plenary session of the 17th Central Committee was held in 2011,relevant researches developed rapidly and the number of the papers in related topics has been increasing year by year. This situation reflects that the security legislation of public cultural services is being highly focused by the academic circles in China,and the related researches are strengthened,and the achievements are constantly emerging. In practice,the exploration of the security legislation of public cultural service has been implemented from the central government to local governments. At present,The Public Cultural Service Security Act of the People's Republic of China has already been passed. And it will be enforced in March 1st,2017. At the local level,many provinces and cities have successively promulgated and implemented a number of laws,regulations or normative documents,such as Guangdong,Jiangsu,Shanghai,Suzhou and Shenzhen.
Through analyzing the researches and the practical achievements,we can see that there are breakthroughs on the researches of the security legislation of public cultural service in the past ten years in respect of the breadth and depth as well as the methods. And also the practical results are fruitful. In terms of the scope of the research,the current research includes the introduction and analysis of the foreign experiences and also includes the summaries and thinking of the domestic theoretical research. In terms of the depth of the research,the current research includes the top design of the regulations,the contemporary value of the legislation,citizen's culture rights and so on at the macro level; it includes organization legislation,organization establishment,corporate governance and so on at the meso level; and it also includes the feasibility,principles,models and techniques of the legislation and so on at the micro level. The research on the security legislation of public cultural service is at multi-levels. In these studies,methods of theoretical analyzing,policies interpreting,case referring,and individual case researching are widely used.
At the same time,some relevant problems have come out. First,the legislation in public culture field is relatively lagged behind,and the security legislation of public cultural service is at the primary stage. Second,the local practice of the legislation is prior to the practice of the central legislation. Since the level of the local laws and regulations is relatively low,the constraint force is relatively weak; therefore,the systematical higher-level law should be made to support and guide the legislation of public cultural services. Finally,the quantity of relevant articles published in the core academic journals is relatively low,and the number of articles published in the newspapers is relatively large. A few graduation thesis addressed on the issues of the security legislation for public cultural service,but systematical and in-depth research papers are less. 2 figs. 1 tab. 47 refs.