文章摘要

范凡.从目录学到书志学——20世纪前期目录学在日本的研究与发展[J].中国图书馆学报,2016,42(6):117~129
从目录学到书志学——20世纪前期目录学在日本的研究与发展
From Chinese Bibliography to Japanese Bibliography:The Development of Bibliography in Japan Before the Mid-twentieth Century
投稿时间:2016-08-29  
DOI:
中文关键词: 中国目录学  日本书志学  西方目录学  图书学  目录学
英文关键词: Chinese Bibliography  Japanese Bibliography  Western Bibliography  Science of Books  Science of Bibliography
基金项目:
作者单位
范凡 北京大学图书馆 北京 100871 
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中文摘要:
      目录学和Bibliography分别是中西方研究图书的学问,这两门学问本来相互独立、自成体系,因在日本发生了交汇,而产生了一门新的学问——书志学。书志学不仅在日本日渐发达,而且在20世纪二三十年代还被输送到中国,引起了一定反响。本文通过系统梳理20世纪前期日本书志学著述,揭示中国目录学对日本书志学的深刻影响、书志学研究的主要成果和发展状况,指出在20世纪前期书志学不仅在理论上取得丰硕成果,而且作为方法论在实践中也得到广泛应用和发展。随着书志学研究范围的扩大,以长泽规矩也为代表的日本图书馆界决定以图书学取代书志学作为这门学问的名称。尽管书志学的概念式微了,但书志学的研究成果就像目录学的研究成果一样不会过时,作为一门后发的学问,它所具有的起点高、眼界宽的特点,更值得中国目录学研究者借鉴。表1。参考文献26。
英文摘要:

    This study is to reveal the close connection between Chinese Bibliography and Japanese Bibliography and to supply references for the development of Chinese Bibliography. Bibliography in China and Bibliography in the Western countries were two independent systems. However,the convergence of the two systems in Japan resulted in a new study of Books,Japanese Bibliography. It developed rapidly in Japan. It has attracted some attention after it was introduced to China in 1934.

    To uncover the deep influence of Chinese Bibliography on Japanese Bibliography,as well as the great achievements and current status of Japanese Bibliography,the author reviewed the works on Japanese Bibliography published from 1934 to the Mid-twentieth century.

    My studies indicated that along with its theoretical achievements,Japanese Bibliography as a methodology was widely used and developed in practices. As its research scope became wider,Japanese Bibliography was renamed Science of Books by the Japanese scholars of library represented by Kikuya Nagasawa. Although the phrase is seldom used now,the research achievements of Japanese Bibliography will not be out of date as those of Chinese Bibliography will not. As Japanese Bibliography was created later,its high quality and broad scope are worth our learning.

    As for the theoretical achievements,when the concept of Western Bibliography was brought into Japan at the beginning of the twentieth century,Japanese scholars began to study it with their knowledge of Chinese Bibliography. They wrote many books on Japanese Bibliography,such as Education and Library and An introduction to Japanese Bibliography by Yasushi Uematsu,An introduction to Bibliography by Kei Tanaka,An Introduction to Western Bibliography by Seigoro Kitsui. Cataloging of Foreign books and Library History by Mankichi Wada,Cataloging of Japanese and Chinese books by Tamesaburo Ota,etc. Most of these books were trying to understand and interpret Western Bibliography based on Chinese Bibliography,which resulted in a new distinctive theory of bibliography,Japanese Bibliography. In Bibliography by Jukai Komiyama in 1929,the author defined for the first time bibliography as a science that took books as its study object,and classified studies on bibliography into comprehensive bibliography and incomprehensive bibliography. This book marked that the studies on Japanese Bibliography had risen to a new height.

    In terms of its practical application,Bibliography as a methodology was consciously used in the work of Japanese librarians. They set up Book Club and Japan Society of Bibliography successively and issued Catalogue,Bibliography,and etc. in order to give the librarians a right way of cataloguing,and effectively guide readers’ studies. By this way,they had established the basis of Japanese Bibliography and trained many bibliographers,among whom,Kikuya Nagasawa was famous for his studies on Chinese books,and Kazuma Kawase was famous for his studies on Japanese books. They had made important contributions to introducing rare books that were newly discovered and to exchanging experiences with Chinese bibliographers. As Masajiro Takigawa said,“Chinese Bibliography and Japanese Bibliography are inseparably related to each other.”“To study Chinese books kept in Japan is not only the responsibility of Japanese Bibliographers; Chinese Bibliographers should also make an effort..

    Chinese bibliographers should pay more attention to Japanese Bibliography in two aspects:first,to conduct a systematic study of the achievement that Japanese bibliographers had made in the field of Chinese Bibliography; second,to learn the advanced points from Japanese Bibliography,the one formed later. 1 tab. 26 refs.

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