This study is to reveal the close connection between Chinese Bibliography and Japanese Bibliography and to supply references for the development of Chinese Bibliography. Bibliography in China and Bibliography in the Western countries were two independent systems. However,the convergence of the two systems in Japan resulted in a new study of Books,Japanese Bibliography. It developed rapidly in Japan. It has attracted some attention after it was introduced to China in 1934.
To uncover the deep influence of Chinese Bibliography on Japanese Bibliography,as well as the great achievements and current status of Japanese Bibliography,the author reviewed the works on Japanese Bibliography published from 1934 to the Mid-twentieth century.
My studies indicated that along with its theoretical achievements,Japanese Bibliography as a methodology was widely used and developed in practices. As its research scope became wider,Japanese Bibliography was renamed Science of Books by the Japanese scholars of library represented by Kikuya Nagasawa. Although the phrase is seldom used now,the research achievements of Japanese Bibliography will not be out of date as those of Chinese Bibliography will not. As Japanese Bibliography was created later,its high quality and broad scope are worth our learning.
As for the theoretical achievements,when the concept of Western Bibliography was brought into Japan at the beginning of the twentieth century,Japanese scholars began to study it with their knowledge of Chinese Bibliography. They wrote many books on Japanese Bibliography,such as Education and Library and An introduction to Japanese Bibliography by Yasushi Uematsu,An introduction to Bibliography by Kei Tanaka,An Introduction to Western Bibliography by Seigoro Kitsui. Cataloging of Foreign books and Library History by Mankichi Wada,Cataloging of Japanese and Chinese books by Tamesaburo Ota,etc. Most of these books were trying to understand and interpret Western Bibliography based on Chinese Bibliography,which resulted in a new distinctive theory of bibliography,Japanese Bibliography. In Bibliography by Jukai Komiyama in 1929,the author defined for the first time bibliography as a science that took books as its study object,and classified studies on bibliography into comprehensive bibliography and incomprehensive bibliography. This book marked that the studies on Japanese Bibliography had risen to a new height.
In terms of its practical application,Bibliography as a methodology was consciously used in the work of Japanese librarians. They set up Book Club and Japan Society of Bibliography successively and issued Catalogue,Bibliography,and etc. in order to give the librarians a right way of cataloguing,and effectively guide readers’ studies. By this way,they had established the basis of Japanese Bibliography and trained many bibliographers,among whom,Kikuya Nagasawa was famous for his studies on Chinese books,and Kazuma Kawase was famous for his studies on Japanese books. They had made important contributions to introducing rare books that were newly discovered and to exchanging experiences with Chinese bibliographers. As Masajiro Takigawa said,“Chinese Bibliography and Japanese Bibliography are inseparably related to each other.”“To study Chinese books kept in Japan is not only the responsibility of Japanese Bibliographers; Chinese Bibliographers should also make an effort..
Chinese bibliographers should pay more attention to Japanese Bibliography in two aspects:first,to conduct a systematic study of the achievement that Japanese bibliographers had made in the field of Chinese Bibliography; second,to learn the advanced points from Japanese Bibliography,the one formed later. 1 tab. 26 refs.