文章摘要

谢欢.中国图书馆学学人研究宏观考察[J].中国图书馆学报,2016,42(6):31~50
中国图书馆学学人研究宏观考察
A Macro-level Analysis of Chinas Library Scholar Research
投稿时间:2016-08-24  修订日期:2016-09-23
DOI:
中文关键词: 图书馆学史  图书馆学学人  中国
英文关键词: Library Science history  Library scholar  China
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
谢欢 南京大学信息管理学院 江苏 南京 210023 weizhaizhuren@163.com,weizhaizhuren@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      中国图书馆学学人研究肇始于20世纪30年代,总结这80余年来的研究历程,对于推进图书馆学学人研究发展、深化图书馆学学科记忆、弘扬图书馆精神有着重要的价值。中国图书馆学学人研究可分为四个时期:兴起时期(1930年代)、曲折发展时期(1950—1970年代)、恢复与发展时期(1980—1990年代)、深入推进时期(21世纪以来)。80余年的中国图书馆学学人研究呈现出六个特点:①个人研究为主,群体研究较少;②单篇论文较多,系统研究成果较少;③研究对象以第一代学人为主;④研究呈现出鲜明的“纪念”特点;⑤研究多遵循“内史”的理路;⑥对学人的认识日趋全面、客观。未来中国图书馆学学人研究可从五个方面展开:拓展个体学人研究空间,重视群体研究,推进数字时代的史料建设,倡导研究范式的多元化,加强内地与港台及海外合作。参考文献75。
英文摘要:

    In the past one hundred years,China's librarianship has developed and thrived from scratch and has been widely accepted as an independent discipline within the academia,owing to the strenuous efforts made by generations of Chinese library scholars. One of the best ways to pay tribute to these great predecessors is to inherit their academic legacy and study their lives and thoughts. China's library scholar research commenced in the 1930s and has a history of over 80 years. Summarizing the 80 years history contributes to promoting the study of library scholars,deepening the discipline memory of Library Science and carrying forward the library spirit. In this article,the Chinese library scholars refer to the scholars who were born in China and received the professional education in Library Science,and those foreigners who made great contributions to modern China's librarianship(such as Mary Elizabeth Wood).

    With regard to research perspective,the author chooses only the research results done from the perspective of Library Science,therefore it should be pointed out that for Liu Yizheng,Wang Xiantang and other scholars who have rich library work experience but whose main research field is not Library Science,this paper only concerns their research from the perspective of Library Science. In terms of regions,the paper mainly selects relevant research results in inland of China;Hong Kong and Taiwan and overseas research,although involved,is not elaborated on. Because of the large number of people involved in the study of Library Science and the voluminous research literature,only the important research systematic results(especially the monographs,doctoral dissertation)and the representative ones which can reflect the characteristics of a certain stage or a range of research are chosen,the so-called macro-level analysis.

    The library scholar research in China has experienced four periods:the beginning stage(1930s),the tortuous development stage(1950s to 1970s),the recovery and development stage(1980s to 1990s)and the advancing stage(2000 to now). The more than 80 years of library scholar research history has presented six features:1)Individual-oriented research greatly outnumbers group-oriented research;2)Individual research papers greatly outnumber systematic research results;3)The research object is mainly the first generation of Chinese library scholars;4)Many researches are a kind of “celebratory history” research;5)Many researches adopt the inner history paradigm;6)The understanding of library scholars is becoming more objective and comprehensive. Based on that,the author puts forward five suggestions on the future library scholar research:paying more attention to Li Xiaoyuan,Hong Youfeng and many other scholars who are ignored by the researchers,paying more attention to group study,promoting the historical material construction in the digital age,advocating the diversification of research paradigm and strengthening cooperation between inland of China and Hongkong Taiwan as well as abroad. 75 refs.

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