文章摘要

柯平,宫平.数字人文研究演化路径与热点领域分析[J].中国图书馆学报,2016,42(6):13~30
数字人文研究演化路径与热点领域分析
The Evolution Path and Hot Topics of Digital Humanities Research
投稿时间:2016-06-26  修订日期:2016-08-05
DOI:
中文关键词: 数字人文  演化路径  热点领域  知识图谱  图书馆
英文关键词: Digital humanities  Evolution path  Hot topics  Knowledge map  Library
基金项目:
作者单位E-mail
柯平 南开大学商学院信息资源管理系 天津 300071  
宫平 南开大学商学院信息资源管理系 天津 300071 gongping418@163.com,gongping418@163.com 
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中文摘要:
      数字人文是计算机学科和人文学科交叉研究的一个新领域,由计算人文和人文计算领域发展而来。本文以Web of Science核心数据集为来源,运用文献计量方法,结合可视化分析工具,对数字人文研究文献进行统计分析和内容挖掘,分析数字人文研究的前沿和热点领域,明确演化路径和发展趋势。①数字人文研究的热点领域有:数字人文的基本理论,技术驱动下的人文学术实践转向,新合作模式引发的人文学术文化变革,以及面向数字人文研究的基础设施建设;②数字人文研究的内涵更具兼容性,应强调计算转向,考虑重构人文知识的脉络与内容,构建当代知识系统及认知方式;③图书馆学的理论、方法及实践与数字人文研究形成协同发展趋势;④从技术应用和数据基础的角度看,图书馆学是数字人文产生的基础学科,也将是数字人文成果的主要应用学科之一。我国图书馆界应以融合的视角审视数字人文与图书馆发展的关系,进行数字人文的理论研究与实践探索。图10。表1。参考文献54。
英文摘要:

    The emergence of digital humanities has a profound impact on the research process and content of the humanities,and it is naturally connected to the library whose main function is knowledge organization. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between Library Science and digital humanities,to seek the integration of development paths,and to broaden the research field of Library Science through the statistical analysis and data mining on the digital humanities.

    The paper sets Web of Science core data as the data sources,including SCI-E(1965-2015),SSCI(1965-2015)and A & HCI(1975-2015),and chooses article for document type. In order to fully reflect the general picture of the field of digital humanities,we obtain basic data set by using the key words “humanities digital” and “computing humanity”. Then we select digital history,computational linguistics,digital art,digital archaeology as search terms to mine in the field;we select computational turn,GIS,text mining and visualization,virtual reality,social media as search terms in order to reveal the text mining and visualization technology in the humanities;we select E-research,digital scholarly as search terms to explore humanities research practice and academic culture under the drive of the digital humanities. We finally obtain 958 related articles as data analysis set. Using SATI3.2,CiteSpaceIII tool,the paper carries out the quantitative statistics and qualitative analysis on those papers.

    The study shows that computational linguistics,the construction of large-scale databases and electronic text have contributed to the birth of humanities computing,which becomes a cross research field of computer science and the humanities. Along with the development of digital humanities research,its connotation becomes more compatible and emphasizes computational turn,and considers the the reconstruction of the context and content of humanistic knowledge,so as to construct the contemporary knowledge system and cognitive style. The evolutionary path of the digital humanities research shows that the theory,method,and practice of Library Science and digital humanities research have the trend of synergetic development. From the perspective of technology application and data foundation,Library Science is the basic subject of digital humanities,and it will be one of the main applications of digital humanities achievements.

    The hot topics of digital humanities research are as follows:the basic theoretical questions of the digital humanities,the turning of academic practice in humanities under the drive of technologies,the change of academic culture in humanities caused by a new mode of cooperation and the construction of the infrastructure for the study of digital humanities. Comparative analysis shows Library Science is a basic subject of digital humanities. The practice and research of the digital humanities cannot be separated from the database and electronic text which are closely related to the library,even some of the digital libraries are regarded as digital humanities projects. On the essence of discipline,both Library Science and digital humanities originated in the practice,some of them coming from the practice of information services. In the field of practice,the library and the digital humanities are both concerned with the research and practice of the recorded information and text.

    Finally,the paper puts forward that the libraries in China need a much broader perspective to study library and digital humanities,create a friendly digital humanities environment,and establish an effective organization and management and so on,to explore digital humanities theory and practice. 10 figs. 1 tab. 54 refs.

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