文章摘要

李国新,张勇.推动公共图书馆事业“中部崛起”[J].中国图书馆学报,2016,42(6):4~12
推动公共图书馆事业“中部崛起”
On Accelerating the Renaissance of Public Libraries in Central China
投稿时间:2016-11-01  
DOI:
中文关键词: 公共图书馆  现代公共文化服务体系  中部洼地
英文关键词: Public libraries  Modern public cultural service system  Central lowland
基金项目:
作者单位
李国新 北京大学信息管理系教授,博士生导师。北京 100871 
张勇 湖南图书馆。湖南 长沙 410011 
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中文摘要:
      “十二五”以来,公共图书馆事业发展出现了“中部洼地”现象。主要表现是:资源占有与服务人口不相称;发展速度相对趋慢;均等化水平低;可比服务成本上升。实现公共图书馆事业发展“中部崛起”,主要应从以下几方面着力:国家宏观政策的调整;强化地方政府主体责任;加快县域公共图书馆总分馆体系建设;拓展和深化“图书馆+”与“互联网+”;完善评价标准的导向作用;抓住促进贫困地区公共文化服务体系建设的历史机遇。表5。参考文献4。
英文摘要:

    Since the implementation of the 12th Five-Year Plan in 2011, compared with the continuous growth of public libraries in Eastern China and the rapid development of public libraries in Western China, public libraries in Central China have been slow-growing in the “central lowland.” There are four main manifestations: 1)The disproportionate resources to the population served. Central China accounts for 37.4% of China's population, but none of its main indicators of public library development has reached the corresponding level. 2) The development speed is relatively slow. In comparison with the growth rate of public libraries in Western China, Central China appears to lag behind. 3) The level of equalization is low. This is the most distinctive character of “central lowland.” Both the per capita investment and the output in Central China's public libraries are lower compared to Eastern and Western China. 4) The comparable service costs are rising. In the past five years, the per capita service costs in Central China have been showing an upward trend, while per capita costs have been declining in Eastern China. At the same time, statistical analysis shows that the above-mentioned “central lowland” is a new issue emerging after the implementation of the 12th Five-Year Plan. Such issue is also prevalent in many other fields. For example, through the Fourth Evaluation of Chinese Cultural Centers in 2015, we can easily find that Central China is at the bottom of many rankings of cultural center development indicators. We believe the efforts to revitalize public libraries in Central China should focus on the following aspects: 1)The macro adjustments of national policy. Appropriate adjustments should be made by the central government in the aspects of capital, resources and supporting policies to accelerate the development of public libraries in Central China to the national level as soon as possible. 2) Specify and strengthen the main responsibilities of local governments. At present, the most realistic, effective and rigid way is to implement the National Basic Public Cultural Service Standards(2015-2020) and local guidance in order to establish the financial support system based on standardized calculation, which ensures the local resident population to be entitled to enjoyment of public cultural services. 3) Speed up the construction of the central-branch system of public libraries on the county level. By seizing the opportunity of the government-guided construction of the central-branch library system, public libraries in Central China should enhance the competence of the central library in the county and then forge more capable branch libraries in rural areas. It can be said that the innovation of the system of central-branch public libraries and the resource sharing and communication are regarded as the most valid approaches to elevate service ability in Central China. 4) Expand and deepen the application of “Library+” and “Internet+.” “Library+” refers to the integration of library services and other industries, which is the key task to achieve social participation in Central China. To establish the online platform of county central-branch public library system is the key to deepening digital services. Based on the Internet, the operation process of public libraries has been altered and the service pattern has been greatly innovated, which provides more effective resources with docking needs. 5) To improve the guiding function of evaluations. Accordingly, the performance-oriented incentive mechanism should be set up and the evaluation system of levels, regions and the whole system should be established. 6) Seize the historic opportunity to promote the construction of public cultural service system in underprivileged areas. There are 261 nationally-supported under privileged counties in Central China, which accounts for 31.4% of China's underprivileged counties. In order to seriously implement the Construction Plan of Public Cultural Service System in Underprivileged Areas, the party committee and government of the underprivileged counties should firstly find out the holistic situation, and then map out the construction list according to scientific calculation, which lays out an accurate target for poverty alleviation with cultural precision. In a word, the development of the public libraries in underprivileged countries is of great significance in elevating Central China out of the “central lowland.” 5 tabs. 4 refs.

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