文章摘要

李纲,李阳.智慧城市应急决策情报体系构建研究[J].中国图书馆学报,2016,42(3):39~46
智慧城市应急决策情报体系构建研究
Construction of Emergency Decision-making Intelligence System Against the Background of Smart City
投稿时间:2015-12-31  
DOI:10.13530/j.cnki.jlis.163004
中文关键词: 智慧城市  突发事件  应急决策  情报体系  顶层设计  大数据
英文关键词: Smart city  Emergency  Emergency decision-making  Intelligence system  Top-level design  Big data
基金项目:本文系国家社会科学基金重大项目“智慧城市应急决策情报体系建设研究”(编号:13&ZD173)和武汉大学博士研究生自主科研项目(重点)“面向重大事件的智库情报机能研究”(编号:2015104010201,受“中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金”资助)的研究成果之一
作者单位E-mail
李纲 武汉大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430072 731742792@qq.com 
李阳 武汉大学信息管理学院 湖北 武汉 430072  
摘要点击次数: 3445
全文下载次数: 763
中文摘要:
      情报在城市突发事件应急决策中发挥着重要作用,建立情报灵、判断准、反应快的城市突发事件情报支持体系,是城市智能化建设的重要模块,也是智慧城市公共安全与应急管理的必然要求。本研究从顶层设计入手,以应急情报流与业务流为线索,以情报体系有效运行为目标,探究智慧城市应急决策情报体系的构建问题。从人员要素、机构要素、技术要素、资源要素、制度要素与行为要素六个方面,厘清了智慧城市应急决策情报体系的框架内容。从组织体系、保障体系与运行机制三个层面系统探讨了智慧城市快速响应情报体系的协同运作模式。大数据时代,智慧应急的情报工程化与情报平行化是未来发展的方向。图6。参考文献40。
英文摘要:
Intelligence plays an important role in city emergency decision making activities. The construction of flexible,accurate and quick response emergency decision making intelligence system is a main module of municipal intelligence,as well as an inevitable requirement of the public safety and emergency management in smart city. However,in practice,researches on the construction of smart city emergency decision making intelligence system fail to give full expression to its role and value during the process of emergency decision making. Therefore,it is necessary to promote an effective integration of the smart city related technologies and platforms and emergency decision making intelligence system. From the perspective of the top level design,taking emergency intelligence flow and business flow as the main thread,while seeing the effective operation of intelligence system as the goal,this paper manages to make a comprehensive discussion about the construction of emergency decision making intelligence system against the background of smart city.
According to the business process of smart city emergency decision making intelligence system,the essential elements of system are determined from angles of intelligence subjects which include intelligence personnel,intelligence agencies,and the macro,meso and micro intelligence environment. The main contents of the frame include six elements: personnel,institution,technique,resource,system and behavior. These elements are interwoven into a whole which is mutually influenced,complemented and promoted.
Based on the elements analysis,the synergy mode of intelligence system is discussed in terms of organization system,security system and operation mechanism. To accomplish the effective function of the organization system,it is necessary to set up smart city emergency intelligence service center,which allows the rapid response of emergency decision making to satisfy intelligence needs of decision making subjects. Meanwhile,the resource,technology and specification system for the measures should be designed to ensure the effective running of the system with considering intelligence support ability of the smart city. For the aspect of operation mechanism,it is particularly important to establish and perfect the mechanism of intelligence collecting,intelligence processing and intelligence utilization of the smart city emergency intelligence service platform.
In the big data era,we need to seize the new opportunities and changes of intelligence service to implement the construction of smart city emergency decision making intelligence system in the following two aspects: Firstly,the data resources,methods and tools,as well as the expert wisdom should be in accordance with the intelligence engineering mode to complete the whole process of emergency intelligence work. Secondly,the smart emergency intelligence parallelization operation system should be cultivated by using the idea of online to offline (O2O) and the combination of virtuality and reality.
In general,through the construction of intelligence system,the people,organizations,computer systems,and other resources involved in emergencies will be formed into an integral whole. The research can help to improve the intelligence level of city emergency management,and provide reliable theory basis and correct guidance for the practice of city smart emergency. 6 figs. 40 refs.
查看全文   查看/发表评论  下载PDF阅读器