文章摘要

周 剑,王 艳,Iris XIE.世代特征,信息环境变迁与大学生信息素养教育创新[J].中国图书馆学报,2015,41(4):25~39
世代特征,信息环境变迁与大学生信息素养教育创新
On Generation Characteristics, Changes of Information Environments and Innovation of Information Literacy Education for College Students
  
DOI:10.13530/j.cnki.jlis.154003
中文关键词: 信息素养  教育创新  大学生  世代特征  信息环境
英文关键词: Information literacy  Education innovation  College students  Generation characteristics  Information environments
基金项目:本文系中央高校基本科研业务费专项资金项目“大学生信息素养能力评估及在线教育平台研究”(编号:XDJK2013C135)和“数字信息环境下大学生信息素养教育研究”(编号:SWU1409145)的研究成果之一
作者单位E-mail
周 剑 西南大学图书馆.重庆 400715 zhoujcn@163.com 
王 艳 西南大学计算机与信息科学 重庆 400715  
Iris XIE Iris XIE 美国威斯康辛-密尔沃基大学信息管理学院 美国 威斯康辛 53201  
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中文摘要:
      当前世代大学生偏好的教育活动是个性化服务,电子媒介交互式学习,任务参与型学习甚至自主的学习;他们具备一定的信息素养能力,但差异巨大。本文指出:随着Internet技术及应用的深入发展,大学生信息素养能力包括三个层次,低层次是信息检索技能,然后是批判性思维能力和与自己专业密切相关的IT能力,更高层次是独立思考、认识论认知能力,最终达到解决实际问题的目的;高校图书馆已经不能独立满足学生多层次信息素养能力的要求及当前世代大学生对教育培训的偏好。本文提出信息素养教育五分策略:培养目标分层,教学内容分级,学科专业分类,培养过程分段,学生管理分流,并建议从网络课堂、图书馆、学院、学校、教育部、第三方平台等多个层面,共同推动我国大学生信息素养教育。图3。表3。参考文献63。
英文摘要:
College students of Network Generation have the basic ability to retrieve and judge information, and the ability to share information and collaborate with others with social platforms. However, university teachers and the executives in the job market maintain that the ability of information literacy of current college students is not satisfying, which reflects a deviation in the present objectives of information literacy education in universities. Besides, current college students favor personalized training, interactive learning through e-media, task-based learning and autonomous learning instead of traditional “chalk and talk” or teaching in a big classroom.
This paper aims at analyzing the objective requirements of different information environments for college students information literacy. In the meantime, based on the characteristics of current college students and the characteristics of their information behaviors, it puts forward some strategies of developing the students information literacy and innovating the main body of education in the present information environment.
This paper makes use of empirical method and literature analysis method. Through a survey on the information behavior characteristics of the freshmen in a university, education activities in the university library and education activities of information literacy in China and the United States, it explores the generation characteristics of current college students and the differences of information literacy education between Chinese and American universities. Through the literature analysis of information literacy in the past 20 years, this paper finds out the objective requirements of information literacy for college students in different information environments.
The findings suggest that first, the development of information literacy ability of college students includes a three-layer structure, namely, the lower level of information retrieval skills, and then critical thinking skills and IT capability closely related to their own professions, the higher level of “independent thinking, epistemological cognition” ability and finally the ability to solve practical problems; second, the information literacy education can be implemented with five strategies: stratifying teaching objectives, grading teaching contents, classifying subjects and majors, segmenting teaching process and divide the student management; third, online class, library, college, university, ministry of education, the third-party platform and so on constitute the main body of information literacy education of college students in China.
There exist two limitations in this paper. First, it fails to clarify the influence of “paper writing”on critical thinking ability and independent thinking ability; second, it fails to explicate or illustrate the influencing process of critical thinking ability and independent thinking ability and epistemological cognition ability on information literacy.
On balance, though, the three-layer structure of developing the college students information literacy put forward in this paper helps lead the students to their own learning and self-diagnosis and provides a new strategic direction for the information literacy teaching. And the five-strategy information literacy education can provide a template for action for different universities to implement information literacy education. 3 figs. 3 tabs. 63 refs.
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