文章摘要

肖雪.多学科视野中的国外老年人阅读研究综述[J].中国图书馆学报,2014,40(3):100~113
多学科视野中的国外老年人阅读研究综述
A Review of Reading Research of Older Adults Abroad from Multidisciplinary Perspective
投稿时间:2013-09-15  修订日期:2013-11-24
DOI:
中文关键词: 阅读研究  老年人  多学科研究  国外
英文关键词: Reading research  Older adults  Multidisciplinary research  Abroad
基金项目:本文系国家社会科学基金项目“图书馆促进老年人阅读的创新研究”(项目编号10CTQ002)的研究成果之一。
作者单位E-mail
肖雪 南开大学商学院信息资源管理系,天津 南开区,300071 xiaoxue@nankai.edu.cn 
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中文摘要:
      老年人阅读是生理学、心理学、社会学、教育学和图书馆学等学科共同关注的研究课题,20世纪60年代以来,国外学界取得了较多的成果。本文通过文献梳理指出,生理学的研究集中在阅读与老化的相互影响、降低老化对阅读的影响,心理学主要研究工作记忆老化及不同阅读策略、不同文本体裁、不同文本元素对阅读效果的影响,社会学聚焦于老年人阅读的社会价值、阅读状况、影响因素、社会障碍与社会促进研究,教育学关注老年人的阅读能力、阅读行为和阅读策略研究,图书馆学主要研究老年人的阅读兴趣、老年人阅读与图书馆利用的关系及图书馆的老年阅读促进。各学科在研究视角、对象、内容和方法等方面存在分野,但在思想基础、研究取向、研究主题、研究方法上也存在相互交融和借鉴之处。参考文献96。
英文摘要:
Reading research of older adults, as the common concern of physiology, psychology, sociology, pedagogy and library science, has made many achievements abroad since 1960s. The article reviews the literature over the past half century and synthesizes the research progress in different disciplines as above mentioned. In physiology, the study focuses on the interactive relationship between reading and aging, and how to reduce the influence of aging on reading; the research of psychology mainly encompasses the effects of aging of working memory, different reading strategies, different text genres and different text elements on reading performance; achievements of sociology research include the social value, reading situation, impact factors, social barriers and promotion of reading among older adults; education researchers are concerned about the elderly’s reading ability, behavior and strategies; library science involved in this field is inclined to study reading interest of older adults, the relationship between their reading and library use, and reading promotion of public library for older adults. Then the paper analyzes the distinction between these disciplines from research perspective, object, content and methods, and points out the subject intersection in theoretical foundation, research orientation, research themes and methods. 96refs.
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