文章摘要

吴正荆,孙颀,吕少妮.美国公共图书馆评价方法在我国区域图书馆评价中的应用[J].中国图书馆学报,2013,39(4):74~82
美国公共图书馆评价方法在我国区域图书馆评价中的应用
The Application of the Evaluation Method of American Public Libraries in the Evaluation of Regional Public Libraries in China
投稿时间:2013-01-05  修订日期:2013-03-18
DOI:
中文关键词: 公共图书馆  评价指标  评价方法  美国公共图书馆评价系统
英文关键词: Public libraries  Evaluation index  Evaluation method  Hennen''s American public library ratings
基金项目:本文系国家社科基金项目“社会信息公平性评价与公共图书馆服务研究”(批准号:12BTQ018)和吉林大学“985工程”资助项目的研究成果之一。
作者单位E-mail
吴正荆 吉林大学管理学院,吉林 长春 130022 wuzj@jlu.edu.cn 
孙颀 东北师范大学商学院,吉林省 春市 130021  
吕少妮 吉林大学管理学院,济宁医学院信息工程学院,吉林 长春 130022  
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中文摘要:
      在介绍美国公共图书馆等级评价方法的基础上,利用2011《中国图书馆年鉴》中的数据,运用美国公共图书馆评价指标对我国各省公共图书馆进行评价,从人均支出、资料经费占总预算比例、人均图书经费、人均图书量等输入指标以及流通费用、人均访问次数、人均流通量、每次访问流通量等输出指标按照人口类别进行排序。在统计基础上对排名靠前和靠后的典型省份进行分析,并与美国相关数据比较。对我国公共图书馆发展提出建议:立法保障各级政府对公共图书馆的经费投入;中央政府加大对经济欠发达地区公共图书馆建设的支持力度;引入社会力量参与公共图书馆评价。表5。参考文献12。
英文摘要:
In this paper, we evaluate Chinese public libraries of all provinces according to Hennen''s American Public Library Ratings based on the data from China Library Yearbook in 2011. We focus on such input indexes as per capita expenditure, the proportion of materials expenditure to general budget, books expenditure per capita and amount of books per capita, and such output indexes as circulation costs, per capita visits, amount of books in circulation per capita and amount of books in circulation per visit, and rank these indexes according to different categories of population. We then make an analysis of typical provinces with higher ranking and lower ranking, and compare the data in China with those in the USA. The results show that there is an obvious gap among all regional public libraries in China; the per capita expenditure of public libraries in China differ a lot from that in the USA. Our suggestions are: it is necessary to guarantee the funding investment of governments at all levels to public libraries; it is the third parties that should carry out the evaluation of public libraries on the basis of the disclosure of statistics. 5tabs. 12refs.
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