文章摘要

John Wilkin 撰,何欢欢 译.展望未来:数字图书馆技术的挑战和机遇[J].中国图书馆学报,2008,34(4):
展望未来:数字图书馆技术的挑战和机遇
Into the Future:The Challenge and Promise of Technology for Digital Libraries
  
DOI:
中文关键词: 数字图书馆,挑战,机遇
英文关键词: Digital library,Challenge,Promise
基金项目:本文为中国国家自然科学基金/美国国家科学基金委联合资助:中美政府信息资源管理研讨会(NSFC 70373048)成果。
作者单位
John Wilkin 撰 美国密歇根大学图书馆 
何欢欢 译 武汉大学信息管理学院博士生 武汉 430072 
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中文摘要:
      我们长期将数字图书馆作为一个独立的世界来构建,这个独立的世界中包括数字对象的创建、管理、发现、传递以及利用等。这种相对封闭的模式与高度发达的开放网络世界背道而驰。在网络世界中,用户可以通过大型的检索系统,如Google和Amazon来发现信息,还可以在管理这些信息资源的系统之外对其进行利用。当用户都涌向网络世界时,数字图书馆就面临着打破其固有封闭状态的挑战,以便适应开放的网络世界,否则将失去其实用性。当前,许多条件都给数字图书馆提供了改变现状、提高实用性的机遇。本文将讨论数字图书馆现存的典型模式以及该模式带来的后果,讨论数字图书馆工作改革的方式,并简要探讨数字图书馆建设中的成功技术实例。
英文摘要:
For too long, we have conceived and built digital libraries as self contained worlds consisting of digital object creation, management, discovery, delivery and use—walled gardens in the midst of thriving communities. This model runs counter to an intensively networked world where users encounter information through large discovery systems like Google and Amazon, and where “use” takes place in a variety of environments outside of the systems that manage those resources. As users shift to a networked world, digital libraries are challenged to break with their history of stubborn insularity, to adapt to that world or lose relevance. There is much that is on the horizon that holds promise for helping digital libraries change and increase their relevance. I will discuss the current paradigm of digital libraries and the consequences of that paradigm, will discuss the way that we can adapt our work in digital libraries, and will briefly examine specific examples of technologies that can contribute to more successful digital library efforts.
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